According to studies, approximately 50 to 70 out of every 100 women experience nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. In addition, 5% – 10% of those who have these problems have to be hospitalized because their nausea and vomiting are very severe. Nausea and vomiting complaints are usually seen in the morning hours. This condition, called emesis gravidarum, is called hyperemesis gravidarum when it is very severe. In general, complaints that occur as of the 6th week of pregnancy last for about 10 weeks. It disappears by decreasing to a minimum level in the 14th and 16th weeks. However, although very rarely, nausea and vomiting complaints that occur with the 4th week of pregnancy continue until the end of the pregnancy.
Which Foods Are Good for Nausea?
It is recommended that expectant mothers who suffer from nausea and vomiting should consume more complex carbohydrates instead of foods that are rich in protein and fat and difficult to digest. One of the reasons why nausea is so severe in the morning hours of the day is that the stomach is empty in the morning. For this reason, expectant mothers should consume grain and fiber foods that take a long time to digest in a light meal before going to bed at night. In this way, since the stomach will not be empty in the morning, the severity of nausea is also milder. Increasing the number of meals during the day to six, eating small but frequent meals reduces complaints. When nausea is felt, consuming salty foods such as crackers helps the feeling of nausea pass in a short time.
Who are at risk?
Mothers expecting twins or more have a higher risk of nausea and vomiting than expectant mothers with only one child. However, there is also a situation where these disturbances do not occur at all. Women who used birth control pills before pregnancy and experienced nausea when using it are likely to experience these problems during pregnancy. The cause of these nausea is sensitivity to estrogen. Women with similar complaints in their immediate family are also more likely to experience nausea than other expectant mothers. In addition to all these, it is quite normal for those who experience motion sickness, migraine disease, those who are pregnant for the first time and those who are pregnant at a young age.