Cancer of the external genitalia (Vulva);
They are usually without complaints. The most common complaint is itching. Unfortunately, the diagnosis and therefore the treatment is delayed because it is mostly tried to be treated with simple ointments given for itching. It often starts with discoloration or painless swelling that does not seem very important. Usually, raised, white, gray, red or brown colored formations are seen. There are initial stages called VIN before cancer. Cancer of the vulva, that is, cancer of the external genital organ, ranks 4th among female genital cancers, after cancer of the cervix, uterine lining, and ovarian cancer. The cause is generally thought to be caused by the Human Papilloma Virus. Human papillomavirus is a type of virus that causes cancer in the cervix and causes warts in the external genital area. In general, strains of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) type 16, 18, 31, 33 and 51 are frequently encountered as cancer agents. It is accepted that chronic itching, moist outer genital area skin, synthetic underwear and dyes and detergents used in laundry, deodorant applied to the area, local hygiene disorder, and some diseases of the external genitalia (syphilis) play a role. It is accepted that diseases such as diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure are diseases seen in the age when cancer occurs rather than causing cancer in the external genitalia.
Cancers of the vagina;
Vagina(birthway) 8-10 cm. It is a long and muscular organ. Cancers of the vagina can be cancers that originate directly from the vagina or that have spread (metastatic) from other organs to the vagina. . Metastatic cancers, that is, cancers that have jumped from other organs to the vagina, are more common than vaginal cancers. For this reason, in order to say that a cancer seen in the vagina belongs to the vagina, other organs that may be a source of metastasis must be investigated.
Precancerous conditions of the cervix;
The widespread use of vaginal smear, HPV screening and colposcopy in the investigation of cervical cancers has provided significant convenience in the diagnosis of precancerous stages that will lead to cervical cancer and enables the diagnosis of this difficult and common disease in its early stages.
Cancer of the cervix:
It is a type of cancer that unfortunately can happen to women who do not respect the widespread and easily accessible smear and HPV screenings. Cervical cancer should not be confused with cervical cancer, because these are tumors with completely different characteristics. Cervical cancer occurs almost entirely with the HPV virus. .Mild waist-groin pains and brown or pinkish discharge are the first complaints. The diagnosis is made by taking a sample (biopsy). The earlier the diagnosis is made, the smaller the treatment (surgery) will be and the higher the success.
In cases of early diagnosis, simple removal of the cervix (conization) may be sufficient for its treatment. This is especially important in young women as it preserves fertility. Apart from this, simple uterine surgery (simple hysterectomy) or extended uterine surgery (radical hysterectomy) may be required.
In advanced cases that have lost the chance of surgery, the treatment is applied with a combination of radiation (radiotherapy) and medication (chemotherapy).
Uterine cancer is the most common female genital cancer in the world and in our country. Often the first and most important clinical symptom is abnormal bleeding. Bleeding seen in the post-menopausal period is especially important and should be investigated. Bleeding may also manifest as a brown discharge.
Uterine cancer is a type of cancer in which the most promising results are obtained with an appropriate surgery if it is diagnosed early. However, even in advanced cases, life expectancy and quality can be greatly increased.
It is the most feared cancer among female genital cancers. Because the disease is usually diagnosed when it reaches advanced stages. A method to be used in the screening of ovarian cancer has not been found yet. The most common complaints are abdominal swelling and groin – back pain. In other words, it is the most useful method for now to suggest women with such complaints to apply for a routine examination without wasting time. Unfortunately, ovarian cancer continues to be a major problem, as women in our country often dismiss such complaints by saying “normal” and “it will pass”. Ovarian cancer is more common in unmarried, unmarried or pregnant women. In these groups, early diagnosis is particularly important because the fertility of the person can be preserved in case of early diagnosis.
In addition, the risk of ovarian cancer increases in those who have breast cancer, bowel cancer and uterine cancer in their families. It is important for such individuals to be especially careful. The treatment is appropriate, that is, complete surgery and chemotherapy are used together.
Cancers of the tubes;
It constitutes 3 per thousand of all female genital cancers. They generally behave like ovarian cancer. The most common finding is bloody discharge and bleeding. Still. It can also manifest itself with abdominal swelling and groin – back pain. Intermittent and contracting pain is typical for tube cancers. The most common finding in the examination is the detection of a mass. The treatment is again complete surgery, and the use of chemotherapy together.