winter depression

Winter depression is also known as Seasonal Affective Disorder. Seasonal depression can be seen in people of all ages. The age at which this complaint occurs is generally 22-23. Depression is more common in women than in men. But the most important factor is that people with a history of depression in their family or close relatives are more likely to experience this condition. Also, depending on personal biological makeup, brain chemistry, family history, environmental influences, and life experience, certain individuals may be more susceptible to seasonal depression as they do to other depressive illnesses.

So what is the cause of this depression?

The exact cause is not yet known, but this depression is thought to be triggered by the brain’s response to reduced sunlight during the fall and winter months. Another effect is thought to affect this depression in the change in the levels of special chemical substances (Serotonin and Melotonin) in the brain.

What are the symptoms of winter depression?

(All or some of these symptoms may appear)

Despair, crying spells


Lack or lack of energy, tiredness, weakness

Withdrawal from social life

excessive sleep,

No longer enjoying things that were previously enjoyed

Appetite and eating changes, especially excessive cravings and fondness for carbohydrate foods,

Weight gain due to overeating

Difficulty concentrating, poor performance in school and work life,

Loss of sexual desire.

Insomnia (Sleeping problem)….

What is the treatment?

Psychotherapy, light therapy and drug therapy can be used in the treatment of winter depression.

In psychotherapy, clients are helped to learn, recognize, understand and change negative thoughts and emotions that cause them to feel bad. They even learn to deal with the effects of depression in a healthy way.

In light therapy, more light therapy is recommended in the winter months, as the symptoms of winter depression are triggered by darkness or lack of light, and the symptoms decrease or improve when the amount of light received is increased. The level of depression is also very important for the treatment here.

Medication is recommended for those with severe symptoms and those who have overcome severe depression. And these drugs should be prescribed and monitored by your psychiatrist.

Let’s not forget that physical health alone means nothing without mental health.

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