WHY IS IT RISKY TO PREVENT PREGNANCY BY INACTIVE METHODS?
Involuntary or involuntary abortion (uterine evacuation) affects women’s lives during their reproductive years. Especially in those who use ineffective contraceptive methods such as withdrawal and calendar method, we have a higher chance of encountering abortion.
For pregnancy to occur in women the egg that comes out once a month and lives only 2 days,In each sexual intercourse, only one of the hundred million sperm (the most exclusive) that survives an average of three days from a man must meet on the canal.
In the meantime, it should be emphasized that even if everything is normal, the probability of a woman to become pregnant is one in four every month under 35 years old and one in five for every month over 35 years old..
In short, it is both very difficult and very easy for a woman to get pregnant.
In addition, it is a known fact for years that it is possible to get pregnant when not wanted to have a child when desired.The mechanism by which the hormones secreted from the brain cause this has not yet been adequately explained.
Withdrawal method is unfortunately the most used contraception method in our country. In those protected by this method, the fastest sperm (male germ cells) that come with the first discharge just before ejaculation (ejaculation) pose the risk of conception if the male cannot be withdrawn in time. We have used these fast sperm, which comes just before ejaculation, for a long time in artificial insemination for those who want a child. 20 out of 100 couples protected by the withdrawal method may experience an unwanted pregnancy within a year.
Even in the presence of the hymen (virgins), even if there is no full sexual intercourse, unwanted pregnancy can occur with sperms that can escape from the small holes of the hymen into the vagina.
Most of those who are protected by the calendar method think that the egg will come out 12-14 days after the period and time their sexual intercourse accordingly. This rule may be valid for those who have a period every 28 days. However, menstrual bleeding can sometimes come early and sometimes late.
In women, the egg usually comes out 14 days before the expected menstruation.
The last 14 days are usually stable. In this case, if the woman will have her period once in 44 days, the egg will hatch on the 30th day, and if she is expecting her period after 24 days, the egg will hatch on the 10th day. If we consider that eggs live for 2 days and sperm live for 3 days, we can consider how wide the conception period can be.
Only Nostradamus knows exactly when the egg will hatch!!!
Most of us know that the menstrual cycle can change due to factors such as stress, fatigue, travel, and weather changes. We also know that those who have been protected by the calendar method for many years face unintended pregnancies one after the other due to the deteriorating menstrual cycle as their age progresses. As a result, 20 out of 100 couples trying to prevent pregnancy with the calendar method may experience an unwanted pregnancy within a year.
One of the ineffective methods of contraception that is frequently used in our country is that women wash the chamber after sexual intercourse, which we call a vaginal douche. Another disadvantage of the vaginal douche is that it disrupts the natural microbe flora in the vagina and the acidity that provides the balance.
Vagina A galaxy where a hundred kinds of microbes live in balance…
Benign microbes, which we call lactobacilli or döderlayn bacilli in the vagina, break down the cells shed from the vaginal wall and produce lactic acid from the glycogen inside. Lactic acid keeps the pH of the vagina around 4.4 and creates an acid environment inside. In this acidity balance, microbes live in the vagina, brother and sister.
When the inside of the vagina is washed with normal water (it is impossible to wash with boiling water!), foreign microbes come in, benign microbes that provide acidity and balance come out.
When the acidity balance is disturbed, it invites all kinds of infections in the vagina.
Suppositories placed in the vagina, which were widely used for a period to prevent pregnancy, are also considered among the ineffective methods. Because 20 out of 100 women protected by this method encounter an unwanted pregnancy within a year.
Effective contraceptive methods available in our country today; intrauterine device (spiral), hormonal intrauterine device, birth control pills, injections applied once a month or every three months, a hormone-containing implant attached to the arm, a monthly ring placed in the vagina and a condom (condom). For those who do not want a child again, as an irreversible permanent method of contraception, ducts are tied in women and vasectomy in men. When these effective contraceptive methods we mentioned are used regularly and applied correctly, the unwanted pregnancy rates vary between one percent and one thousandth within a year, depending on the method.
After all, no contraceptive method can protect against pregnancy 100%.
In addition, the side effects related to the methods to be used vary from person to person. However, it is necessary to consider the additional benefits of many effective methods apart from contraception.
Additional benefits that vary depending on the method chosen to prevent pregnancy include reduced risk of ovarian, cervix, intrauterine and colon cancer (some over fifty percent), less incidence of ovarian cysts and intrauterine tumors (fibroids), reduced infection in the ovaries and ducts, uterus. Reducing the risk of ectopic pregnancy, which is generally located in the canal and threatens women’s life, reducing menstrual pain, excessive menstrual bleeding, ensuring menstrual regularity, prevention of iron deficiency anemia (anemia), treatment of hair growth, acne and acne, reduction of vaginal dryness, premenstrual syndrome (menstrual syndrome in women). symptoms such as irritability, tension and swelling that occur in the pre-existing period, which can sometimes be very severe), less incidence of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis (bone loss), reduction of epilepsy crises with a method, AIDS, gonorrhea (gonorrhea), syphilis (syphilis), sexually transmitted infections such as hepatitis B, herpes genitalis (genital herpes) Eighty percent protection against HPV virus types that cause sexually transmitted cervical, large intestine and many cancers, causing non-cancerous genital warts in some men and women, and treatment of some sexual problems of couples.
The additional benefits of the effective contraceptive methods we mentioned above do not apply to all methods. For example, some methods reduce the risk of uterine cancer, while others reduce the risk of cervical cancer.
Determining which effective contraceptive method is suitable for which woman or couple is an art that requires knowledge and healthy communication!
The important thing here is to choose an effective method with a high contraceptive rate that may be suitable for individuals and couples, and not to neglect the medical follow-ups and controls required for the chosen method.
Wishing you healthy days…
WHY IS IT RISKY TO PREVENT PREGNANCY BY INACTIVE METHODS?