The main risk factors common to both men and women are:

• Having a personal history of coronary heart diseases or other vascular diseases related to atherosclerosis

• Women over 55 years old and men over 45 years old

• Family history of early cardiovascular disease


• Dyslipidemia: High bad cholesterol, low good cholesterol


•Metabolic syndrome

• Chronic kidney disease

• Smoking and other lifestyle factors (eg diet, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, excessive alcohol)

• Chronic kidney disease

• Cigaret

• Psychological stress (eg, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder)

• Inflammatory / rheumatic diseases

There are also some women-only conditions where the risk of cardiovascular disease is increased:

• Postmenopausal

• Uterine operation (absence of uterus)

• Birth control pill use

• Menstrual irregularities

• Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

• Complications related to pregnancy (eg eclampsia, preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes)

• Spontaneous abortion

• Early birth

All women 20 years of age and older should undergo periodic cardiovascular risk assessment every three to five years.

Periodic risk assessment provides an opportunity to identify cardiovascular disease risk factors and to detect and control certain risk factors early.

According to scientific studies, 63% of women who died due to cardiovascular disease did not have any complaints before the event. For this reason, risk determination even in women without complaints (KV)It is the most important step in protection.

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