What is Vertigo? (Dizziness)

Vertigo; It is a health problem that develops due to the deterioration of the balance mechanism, usually arising from inner ear diseases or some problems related to the brain and cerebellum. is a disorder.

How is Vertigo Evaluated?

Symptoms that should be evaluated together with dizziness and balance disorder in the differential diagnosis of vertigo are as follows;

  • tinnitus

  • feeling of pressure in the ear

  • hearing problems

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • abnormal eye movements

  • double vision

  • tendency to sleep

  • clouding of consciousness

  • coordination disorder

  • Loss of strength in arms and legs

After the diagnosis of vertigo is made in the patients, necessary investigations should be carried out on the problems that cause the balance mechanism in the patients. Migraine, bleeding in the central nervous system consisting of organs such as the brain and cerebellum, or nutritional disorders due to occlusions in blood vessels, multiple sclerosis, various brain tumors, Parkinson’s disease, etc. diseases can cause the balance to deteriorate.

How Is Vertigo Diagnosed?

In patients who apply to hospitals with vertigo complaints, taking a detailed medical history by the physician and physical examination constitute an important part of the diagnosis. While taking the medical history, information is obtained from the patient about how long the complaints have lasted, how the problem of vertigo experienced with changing positions is related, what are the accompanying diseases and drugs used, and whether any head trauma has been experienced. It is learned whether neurological problems such as confusion, speech disorder and drowsiness accompany. Some blood tests and imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT), color Doopler USG can be used to further research the underlying problem.

 

Tips to Relieve Dizziness

• Avoid sudden changes in position, such as standing up suddenly or turning your head from side to side.
• Avoid rapid head movements.
• Reduce the use of salt, nicotine and caffeine.
• Stay away from nervousness, stress and substances you are allergic to.
• Be careful when you feel dizzy. Avoid situations such as cutting tools, driving, being at height.

If your complaints do not go away with these suggestions, you should definitely consult your specialist.

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