What is varicose veins, how is it transmitted, how is it treated?

One of the most common cardiovascular problems in the community is varicose veins. In order to understand what varicose veins are, it is necessary to know the function of the veins that play a role in their formation. Veins (veins) are the largest vessels in the body that take the dirty blood from the organs and surrounding tissues and carry it to the heart. As its name suggests, it acts as a sort of collector for blood. Since they have a large diameter, they have one-way valves inside. These valves exist to prevent the blood from returning to the way it goes in the veins, and to function in the transport against gravity towards the heart. Changes in the function of these veins can create problems such as varicose veins. Vascular enlargement may occur in various parts of the body for certain reasons. This dysfunction in the vascular walls is the main physiological reason for the formation of varicose veins. Although the cause of this problem, which is caused by varicose veins, is not known exactly, different conditions can be observed during the formation phase of the disease.

How Varicose Occurs, How Is It Treated?

What is varicose veins?

Vascular enlargement, which usually occurs in the superficial veins of the legs, first manifests itself as capillary cracks. This is more evident in the veins close to the skin surface. in capillaries onset of varicose Vascular cracking is called telangiectasia. Although this situation does not cause any problems for patients other than an aesthetic problem, arrivalIt is different and is a kind of advanced vasodilation.

Varicose veins are most common in the legs. However, apart from the legs, it can also be seen on the walls of the internal organs, testicles, in short, in various regions where the veins are. Since the veins in the legs carry blood from bottom to top, there are a kind of valves to prevent the blood from returning to the bottom with the effect of gravity. Vascular walls may suffer some dysfunctions for various reasons. This situation prevents the opening and closing valves from performing their full function. The dirty blood collected from the organs and surrounding tissues to return to the heart begins to leak through the valves. The circulation of blood that needs to return to the heart is disturbed in this case. Dirty blood begins to accumulate in the lower parts of the body, therefore, most in the legs. Just as waste materials damage the environment and odor and liquid spread after a while from the discarded garbage bags, dirty blood leaks from the damaged veins after a while in the formation of varicose veins. In cases that progress by damaging the surrounding tissues, it may not only cause an aesthetic problem, but may also be a source of pain and inflammation for the patient.

Although the patients with varicose veins are not in a single group, there are similar reasons in cases where the disease is seen. Especially

  • menopause period
  • pregnancy
  • obesity
  • jobs that require a lot of standing
  • aging
  • posture disorders
  • hormone use
  • Varicose veins are frequently observed in patients with a family history of varicose veins. The cases of varicose veins in women are about 4 times the number of cases in men.

In general, the reason why varicose veins are seen on the legs is that the areas with excessive pressure in the body are the factors for varicose veins. For this reason, varicose veins are very common, especially in the lower legs. The course of the disease can vary from person to person and different stages can be observed. Apart from being an aesthetic defect called capillary varices, varicose veins can be seen in individuals of all ages, causing problems for patients. Progressive cases of varicose veins may occur for the above reasons, especially aging.

If you feel changes in your body, especially if you notice a different appearance in your legs, there must be some findings for you to suspect varicose veins. When the general findings in varicose disease are listed, a table as follows can be seen.

  • pain in legs
  • numbness feeling
  • night cramps
  • Numbness
  • paresthesia
  • restless leg
  • Pain and itching
  • Violet-blue colors that become evident in the veins

One or more of the above findings are among the conditions observed in the formation of varicose veins. If you suspect that you have varicose veins by looking at the symptoms, it is important to consult a specialist doctor as soon as possible.

Varicose Veins Treatment

For legs with varicose veins, the condition of the veins is checked with Doppler ultrasound. Depending on the patient’s condition, the treatment method that the physician deems necessary can be applied.

  • adopting an active lifestyle rather than a sedentary lifestyle
  • Lifting the legs up for 10-15 minutes during the day by resting
  • Limiting the use of high heels
  • avoiding heels higher than 6 cm
  • Repeating simple certain exercises throughout the day
  • not crossing one’s legs
  • Maintaining ideal weight, not gaining and losing weight frequently
  • Consumption of foods that balance blood pressure
  • Practical methods such as not prolonging the duration of showering with hot water are effective in preventive treatment.

Patients complaining of varicose may have several questions in their minds: “What are the consequences of untreated varicose veins?”. Untreated varicose veins can create significant problems in the future. Varicose veins is a type of circulatory disorder. Therefore, it can lead to serious health problems and aesthetic defects. However, since the painful condition caused by advanced cases will put aesthetic problems in the background, immediate intervention is recommended in these cases. If the treatment of varicose veins is delayed, oxygenated blood does not reach the damaged area. In other words, while the cells in the region need to be fed with blood vessels, they cannot receive clean blood, which is the source of nutrients. In this case, venous insufficiency occurs with color changes, abnormal thinning of the leg, edema and severe wounds. In addition, the problem of clotting is seen in varicose veins. In this case, which is called tormbophlebitis, intravascular coagulation occurs and bleeding can occur in the leg even with small blows. Even in later cases, the clot may progress to the lungs and pulmonary embolism may be seen. At the end point of venous insufficiency, very painful and bleeding wounds called leg ulcers may occur. This situation is much more serious than vessel cracking, which is only an aesthetic problem, and is a painful condition for the patient.

Not all varicose veins are the same. The rate of varicose veins may vary according to the lifestyle and general health of the people. There are 3 types of varicose veins:

Capillary Varicose Veins (Telengiectasia)

It is the stage in which patients demand treatment when the capillaries that become evident on the skin surface create an aesthetic problem. It can occur in a structure resembling a spider web, formed by some kind of trauma or sudden impact, in millimeters or in an area of ​​centimeters.

Medium Size Varicose (Reticular Varicose)

Such cases do not cause pain and suffering for the patient. However, aesthetically undesirable images may occur with the appearance of clear purple-blue veins. There is no vein or valve insufficiency observed on ultrasound. They usually do not progress and turn into large varicose veins.

Large Heirs

They are varicose veins that can cause problems both cosmetically and in terms of cardiovascular diseases. It is examined by doppler ultrasound performed on the foot. Vein and valve insufficiency may be seen. Since treatments such as compression stockings, laser and sclerotherapy will not be a solution for these varicose veins, RF therapy and surgical procedures are performed. Some are not visible from the skin surface. These are called internal varicose veins. The patient is noticed by symptoms such as pain, night cramps and itching.

In the treatment of varicose veins, non-surgical solutions can be applied according to the types of varicose veins. Surgical methods are generally inevitable in large varicose veins.

In capillary varices and reticular varices, the enlarged or opened veins are closed with the effect of laser beams. In sclerotherapy, a drug called sclerosant is injected into the varicose veins with millimetric needles. It is recommended to support the area with tight bandages such as compression stockings after the procedure. In foamy treatment, the injected drug is foamed with a special method and given to the patient. In the treatment with RF, the enlarged or opened veins at high temperature are closed with the energy of radio waves.

Varicose Veins Treatment at Home

Although the cures and herbal methods are not effective, they are not scientific to remove the developed and especially advanced varicose veins in the patient. However, there may be several practical methods at home to prevent the formation of varicose veins. Regular exercise, putting an end to a sedentary lifestyle, eating healthy, consuming fibrous foods are methods that can be done at home and will affect life in the long run.

Varicose Veins Treatment with Lemon

The substances in the lemon content and the density of vitamin C prevent free radicals in the blood from causing oxidative damage. With this structure, lemon is a powerful antioxidant. You can massage your legs from bottom to top every evening by squeezing lemon juice. Thus, you can prevent the formation of varicose veins and have young legs. subject to varicose veins treatment with lemonIt is not entirely possible and permanent.

Capillary Varicose Treatment

It can be said that capillary varicose veins are the formations at the beginning level of varicose cases. Most cases of varicose veins are benign vascular tumors. Capillary varicose veins are only a cosmetic defect and are the formations that patients complain about. A youthful skin appearance can be gained by easily getting a solution with a single session laser application, scleroptherapy and foam treatment.

Varicose Veins Foam Treatment

There are 2 different application methods in sclerotherapy. In one, the liquid medicine called sclerosant is administered directly into the vein with millimetric needles and without mixing with air. In the other method, that is, in foamy treatment, the same drug is given intravenously in a different form. The drug contains the same active ingredient, polidocanol. Before drug injection, legs should be clean and shaved. The procedure, which is applied without pain and pain, takes several sessions. Each session is done in a time frame of 40-60 minutes. It is recommended to support the varicose area with varicose stockings after the treatment. In addition, sun protection is very important after the procedure in a 4-week period.

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