What is varicose veins?

What is varicose veinsIt is the situation where the superficial veins in the leg lengthen, expand in the form of a flat or pouch, become thinner and curved, or the valves in the deep and connecting veins deteriorate and the blood flow backs up (reflux, leakage..).

The heart sends some blood to the tissues through the arteries to meet the body’s needs with each beat. This clean blood gives the necessary oxygen and nutrients to the cells and collects the waste materials in the environment. This blood is now dark in color and is carried back to the heart through the veins. The veins where this dirty blood is carried are divided into 3 as superficial, deep and connecting veins;

What is Varicose VeinsAnd How Many Ways

one – Superficial veins: They are located under the skin and can be seen with the naked eye. The most common disease in superficial veins is varicose veins.

2 – Deep veins: They travel deep together with the adjacent arteries and cannot be seen with the naked eye. They are considered as highways that provide 90% of leg dirty blood drainage. The most common disease in the deep vein system is obstruction and internal arrivalAlso known as Lid Insufficiency.

3 – connecting veins; They are the vessels between the deep vein system and the skin, subcutaneous and superficial vascular system.

Request what is varicose veinsThe answer to the question is that these superficial veins in the leg lengthen, expand in the form of a flat or pouch, become thinner and curved, or the valves in the deep and connecting veins deteriorate and the blood flow backs up (reflux, leakage..).

Varicose veins is not as simple as it seems, it is much more complex than it seems. Even if there is a capillary varicose, if a superficial varicose appears on a leg, there is a reason behind it. Generally, the underlying causes are insufficiency in superficial, deep and connecting vessels.

It should be noted that the absence of visible varicose veins does not mean that there is no venous insufficiency.

Color Doppler ultrasonography is based on the principle of imaging the veins carrying dirty blood with ultrasonic sound waves. In this way, all veins, especially in the groin and lower than the groin, can be evaluated. Clots in the veins, obstructions, leakages in the blood flow and valve insufficiency, venous structures under the skin, connecting vessels can be easily determined. Since only inpatient examinations will give incomplete results, the report may not be sufficient. Varicose vein diagnosis Color Doppler ultrasonography should be performed by the physician who will perform the treatment, and mapping should be done while performing the treatment and the measurements should be recorded correctly. When control ultrasonography is required, the results should be compared with the previous ultrasonography and the effects of varicose veins should be evaluated.

Causes Varicose Veins?

There is no definite consensus about why varicose veins develop, but the existence of some facilitating factors is accepted. Physiopathologically, the two main factors in the formation of varicose veins are valvular insufficiency and venous hypertension.

To propel blood upward from the feet, veins rely on muscles and an intricate network of one-way valves to keep blood flowing towards the heart and lungs rather than backwards. If the muscles and venous valves weaken or fail, the vein becomes insufficient and blood begins to collect in the vein instead of returning to the heart. Valves can weaken for a variety of reasons, but regular exercise and a healthy lifestyle have been shown to reduce instances of venous insufficiency. Anyone can develop spider veins, especially women who have had a pregnancy; however, men and women of all ages can be affected.

Causes Varicose Veins

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Genetic

  • Hormones and Pregnancy

  • Deep vein Thrombosis

  • thrombophlebitis

  • Lower Extremity Trauma

  • Lifestyle (occupations requiring prolonged sitting or standing)

  • Climatic conditions of the city where you live

  • Obesity

  • Hypertension

  • Diabetes

  • Congestive Heart Failure

What Are Some Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

  • Visible “spider veins” a bluish or purple discoloration

  • pain in legs

  • restless legs syndrome

  • Swelling of the legs, ankles, or feet

  • cramp in lower extremities

  • itching or burning

  • fatigue or heaviness in the legs

  • Prolonged bleeding from a minor injury

  • Dermatitis (red, dry, itchy skin) on the legs or feet

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