Trauma has recently become a word that individuals use for many situations that they cannot cope with. If so, let’s talk about which situations are not called trauma and which situations are not called trauma. The effects of the events that the person encounters in an unusual and unexpected moment, that he is very afraid, terrified, and that create helplessness on the person are called mental trauma. The issue to be considered here is that there may be many situations in which people are sad and unhappy, but not all of these situations are called trauma.
Among the events that cause trauma; harassment, rape, torture, disasters (flood, earthquake, fire, etc.), accidents, unexpected deaths, serious and fatal diseases. The two most common mental disorders after trauma are; depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. If the person has experienced the traumatic event himself or witnessed and learned when it happened to someone else, and experiencing intense and long-term psychological distress when faced with internal or external stimuli related to this event, giving physiological reactions, avoiding thoughts and feelings about the event, the person, situation, Trying to stay away from objects, exaggerated negative beliefs about oneself or the world (eg, I am bad, the world is dangerous), experiencing persistent negative emotions (fear, horror) is called post-traumatic stress disorder. EMDR,
It is an intensive therapy method in the treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder diagnoses. During EMDR, the therapist works with the client to identify the specific problem that will be the focus of the intervention. Based on the structured procedure, the therapist guides the client to identify the situation or event that is troubling him and helps him select the important parts that are distressing. While tracking the eye movements, the client also experiences various parts of the target moment or other memories. The therapist helps the client in this process and makes decisions about how to intervene. The goal is for the client to process information about the negative experience quickly and provide an appropriate resolution. In Shapiro’s words, the reduction of these symptoms means that the client’s negative belief is replaced by a new positive belief and that it functions at a more optimal level. EMDR treatment can take between 1 and 4 sessions in the case of a single trauma, and 1 year or longer in the case of more difficult problems.