What is the best time for treatment?

An orthodontist should be consulted when an orthodontic problem is first encountered or suspected. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that the first orthodontic evaluation be done before the age of 7. At this age, first permanent molars (6-year-old teeth) and permanent incisors are usually in the mouth. In this period, crowding, reverse bite cases, narrowness of space and other problems can be evaluated. The earlier some problems are recognized and corrected, the less adverse effects will be. Thanks to early treatment, finger sucking, abnormal swallowing and speech problems can be evaluated and treated much better.

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Treatment methods that can be applied to children between the ages of 7-12 are as follows:

Preservation of the existing place by applying a placeholder in early deciduous tooth loss

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Application of habit-breaking appliances in children with bad habits such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting

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Bringing the tooth to its proper position by using removable appliances in single-tooth crossbite cases
Orientation of chin growth by using a chinrest in cases where the lower jaw is positioned anteriorly.
If the lower jaw is positioned behind due to maxillary stenosis, performing maxillary expansion to allow lower jaw development

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In the treatment of skeletal problems arising from the developmental problem of the lower or upper jaw, the most appropriate treatment time is the pre-adolescent period (between the ages of 12-13 in boys and 11-12 in girls) during which growth and development takes place. This period ends at an average of 15 years for girls and 16 years for boys. Treatment in this period may eliminate the need for orthodontic treatment with surgical intervention in later ages.

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In the presence of only dental problems, it is sufficient to complete the primary dentition and move on to permanent dentition. In such cases, treatment is possible at any age. However, as the bone density increases with advancing age, the duration of tooth movement prolongs, and in parallel with this, the duration of treatment may be prolonged.

The most active treatment timing in orthodontic treatments is between the ages of 10-13.

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