What is Stuttering and Glossophobia (Speech Anxiety)?

Stuttering:

Individuals who stutter do not always stutter. A person who stutters can speak fluently while whispering, singing, talking to babies, talking to animals, imitating someone else’s speech, and speaking a different language than usual. This shows us that in some cases, stuttering may occur as a result of anxiety, not organic causes. Because in the aforementioned situations, anxiety does not occur and the person can talk comfortably. For this reason, anxiety should be studied in addition to speech therapy in stuttering.

Glossophobia (speech anxiety)

It is a state of extreme anxiety about speaking in front of people. These people feel intense anxiety before communicating verbally. (panic, sweating, stress, heart palpitations, etc.) Talking to people can be a big problem for these people and they experience intense anxiety when introducing themselves to new people. They avoid situations such as speaking and introducing themselves, and this avoidance returns to them as intense anxiety.

What Behaviors and Attitudes Can Do Harm?

looking worried and worried

Looking impatient and angry

Threatening punishment for fluent speech,

Replying instead and completing it where it is stuck,

Suggestions

Having a childhood that is accepted, loved and interested is very important for a positive self. The verbal environment provided by the parents in early childhood and the attributions made to the child are effective in self-development. In a study conducted to understand whether the self-concepts of individuals who stutter are different from those who do not, it was concluded that individuals who stutter are significantly less free, develop incomplete emotional control, have less self-acceptance and less rejection. If the person who stutters succeeds in gaining self-strength and experiences social acceptance (first by the parents), they tend to stutter less. If the child encounters a wall of pressure, punishment and criticism in the communication environment, he stutters more, thus finding himself in the middle of a vicious circle. This basic factor should be kept in mind and a comfortable and accepting environment should be offered to the child by paying attention to the boundaries.

 

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