What is stress, what are its types?

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Stress is a tense process that occurs due to the inability of the person to cope with any perceived threat physically and emotionally and that often negatively affects his daily life.

Stress includes the physiological and psychological responses of the individual to excessive and often undesirable stimuli and threatening events in the environment.

In Chinese, the word stress is a combination of symbols for danger and opportunity. According to this symbol, every problem hides its solution within itself. Whenever you are under stress, you have the potential to use your energy both destructively and constructively.

A belligerent samurai asks a Zen priest to explain the concepts of heaven and hell to him. The priest sneered at him:

“-You’re an ass, I can’t spare time for people like you.” says.

The humiliated samurai, flushed with anger, unsheathed his sword and said:

“I could kill you for your arrogance.” he shouts.

“There…” says the Zen priest calmly:

“-This is hell.”

The samurai is startled by the true words of the master, which implies his anger, and calms down and puts his sword back in place, thanking the priest for the introspection opportunity he brought to him.

“-This is paradise.” says the priest, this time…

Stress is not something that happens out of the blue or on its own. The existence and emergence of stress is closely related to environmental factors. Individuals are affected by their surrounding environment in different ways and at different rates.

In the researches, there is a definition of good stress. They say that in small doses, stress with the appropriate effect strengthens mental activity and memory, provides the body with energy. Our bodies do not exist without stress. If there is no stress, our nervous system is dead. A stress-free life means death. At the same time, high doses of stress that we cannot control can cause incurable diseases.

What are the Types of Stress?


It is the normal type of stress that everyone experiences in daily life. It is short-term and can be controlled or treated.

A car crash that crashed the bumper,

Loss of an important contract

Tasks to be completed on time

Child’s routine problems at school etc.


Some experience acute stress frequently. Their lives are so chaotic that they are examples of complete chaos and depression.

They are always in a rush, but they are late everywhere. Everything that can go wrong in their life will go wrong.

They take on too many tasks, they have cloths on each comb, but they cannot organize this pressure and demand on them. They are constantly in the grip of acute stress.

It is natural for people with acute stress reactions to be hypersensitive, angry, irritable, anxious and nervous.

Another cause of episodic acute stress is endless worries.

For them, the world is a dangerous, dangerous, punishing place that does not reward good deeds at any moment.

Symptoms of episodic acute stress include persistent headaches, migraine, high blood pressure, jaw pain, and heart disease.

Often the way of life and characters have become so entrenched and routine that people do not see the slightest mistake about the way they lead their lives.

They blame their troubles and sorrows on others and external events.


While acute stress can be exciting and stimulating, chronic stress certainly does not. This is the kind of tormenting stress that melts people day by day. Chronic stress destroys bodies, minds and lives. These long-term wear causes great harm to people.

It’s the stress of poverty, troubled families, unhappy marriages, and unwanted jobs.
Chronic stress occurs when a person has no way out of their miserable situation.

It is the stress of severe pressures and needs in times that seem like they will never end. The person who does not see hope eventually gives up looking for a solution.

Some chronic stressors are caused by traumatic experiences from childhood that are internalized and remain in the mind forever.

They look at the world from different perspectives (e.g. the world is a dangerous place, people will know you’re a fraud, you have to be perfect all the time)

When it comes to rebuilding personality or entrenched views and beliefs, the healing process often requires professional help and effective self-reconciliation.
The worst part about chronic stress is that people get used to it.

People are immediately aware of acute stress because it is a new condition, but chronic stress is difficult to recognize as it develops into an old, habitual lifestyle.

What Are the Symptoms of Stress?


heart palpitations




Back pain

chest pain

heart spasm

muscle strain

Ice breaking of hands and feet

skin disease

sudden weight changes

chronic fatigue



aversion to sex

Increase in alcohol and cigarette smoking




excessive sweating

Seeing frequent periods

dizziness and fainting


Memory loss and forgetfulness

Thoughts attacking the mind

Difficulty concentrating


Frequent selfish conversations

having difficulty making a decision




suicidal thoughts


Frequent changing emotions





having frequent nightmares

crying often

Experiencing nervous laughter crises

Lack of enthusiasm and reluctance towards life

Illness delusions

unable to calm down

feeling of hopelessness


isolate yourself from people

feel pain and be offended

be self-centered

feeling of loneliness

Withdrawal or passivity

to be intolerant

inability to relate to people

Stress by Personality Types

Meyer Friedman and Rosenman divided personality into two types: A TYPE AND B PERSONALITY:

The idea first arose after the upholsterer repairing the living room chairs said that most of the chairs were only torn from the front. From this, both cardiologists understood that most heart patients are anxious and have a difficult time sitting.

The individual with type A behavior is extremely competitive, devoted to his work and very sensitive to time. Furthermore, this individual is aggressive, impatient, and very job oriented. He has many motives and wants to be as successful as possible in as little time as possible.

On the contrary, the individual with B-type behavior is less competitive, less dedicated to his work and less sensitive to time. Such people are less conflicted over time and have a more balanced and relaxed approach to life. It runs at a steady pace and feels more confident. It cannot be said that the type B person is more or less successful than the type A person.


He is mostly preoccupied with himself, he is egocentric.

It is very time sensitive and impatient.

He wants to achieve as much as possible in a short time.

He doesn’t have much free time.

He walks, talks and eats fast.

Tries to interrupt when others are talking.

He is dedicated to his work.

It is extremely competitive.

He has an entrepreneurial spirit.

He is constantly in competition with himself and with others.

Feelings and behaviors such as hostility and anger can arise easily.

He has extremely tense bodily movements.

He prefers to be respected rather than loved.


He has a more balanced and comfortable approach to life.

He is patient.

It is docile.

There is little sense of competition.

It is free from strict rules, it is flexible.

He doesn’t like to brag.

It adopts the empathic approach.

He is not overly ambitious about success.

He is soft headed.

He does not get angry easily and does not get nervous.

He knows how to enjoy his work.

It works calmly and regularly.

Consequences of Stress

1. Physiological Results

Short-Term Consequences: Elevated blood pressure, headache and dizziness, nausea, and cramping, elevated blood sugar, shortness of breath, sweating, fatigue, loss of appetite,

Long Term Diseases: Cardiovascular diseases, ulcer, migraine, allergy, asthma

2.Psychological Consequences

Sleep disorders, insomnia or hypersomnia, and depression

Cognitive Responses to Stress

Concentration Problems

States of Instability


Intolerance of Criticism

Situations of Excessive Self-Criticism

Bad Attitudes

Emotional Responses to Stress




Feeling of Hostility




Temperament Imbalance

Feeling of Loneliness


3. Behavioral Consequences

Behavioral consequences that develop as a result of stress can be observed more clearly. Stress has a significant effect on the emergence of negative behaviors such as restlessness, overeating or loss of appetite, truancy from school or work, alcohol and drug use, and being prone to crime.

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