What is Stomach Cancer?

The reasons for the formation of gastric cancer have begun to be clarified today. It starts with the uncontrolled proliferation of normally existing cells in the stomach by turning into abnormal cells by adding on nutritional habits, environmental and genetic factors.

What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?

Stomach cancer does not show any symptoms at an early stage. Since ambiguous complaints can be seen in all kinds of diseases, diagnosis is usually at an advanced stage. Symptoms when stomach cancer progresses include:

● Loss of appetite or feeling full quickly

● Abdominal pain

● Difficulty in swallowing

● Weight loss

● Vomiting

● Fatigue (usually due to anemia)

All these symptoms can be seen in other diseases other than stomach cancer.

Are there any tests for stomach cancer?

● Endoscopy (upper gastrointestinal tract)– Probably the most accurate and most frequent test for stomach cancer diagnosis today. During this test, a thin tube with a camera at the end is inserted through the mouth and advanced into the stomach. It is possible to view the esophagus, stomach and small intestine from the inside.

● Biopsy from the stomach – During endoscopy, the stomach, esophagus and duodenum are examined. Tissue samples are taken from the normal-looking and abnormal-looking area and examined under a microscope.

● Blood tests often help us evaluate the patient’s condition.

● Imaging methods – Computed tomography (CT), etc. These are the tests we use most often. If necessary, magnetic resonance (MR) and whole body scanning tests known as PET from further tests can be performed.

In addition, “Helicobacter pylori” infection is an infection that triggers both inflammation in the stomach and the development of stomach cancer. “Helicobacter pylori” can also be checked with a stomach biopsy, breath test, blood test or other laboratory tests. This infection can cause conditions that can progress from open sores called “ulcers” in the stomach or duodenum to cancer in some people.

What are the risk factors for stomach cancer?

Typical risk factors for gastric cancer include genetic predisposition (15%), having undergone gastric surgery, excessive consumption of salty and smoked and processed foods in the diet, and H. Pylori infection.

What are the treatment methods in stomach cancer?

Operation– It is the most commonly used treatment method, and with this method, part or all of the stomach is surgically removed, depending on the location of the cancer.

Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is the administration of drugs that kill cancer cells or stop their growth. Sometimes chemotherapy can be applied before or after surgery. In chemotherapy applications, applications from blood vessels and into the abdomen have recently started.

Radiotherapy– High-energy rays are applied to areas where cancer can spread, and it is the process of preventing the proliferation of cancer cells in a certain area.

immunotherapy – It is the use of newly produced drugs as a chemotherapy agent in order to stop the development of cancer and to strengthen the body’s immune system to ensure its regeneration. Today, its benefits are limited and it is an open road to improvement.

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