What is Somatization Disorder? What are the Symptoms?

The patient with somatization disorder has physical symptoms that affect their daily routine. But these symptoms have no medical explanation. This is how the state of psychiatric illness, which is known as “disease disease” among the people, is defined in this way. Patients with this disorder go from doctor to doctor and receive various diagnoses related to their bodies. They refer to a constantly shifting pain and burning sensation in their organs and muscles. In addition, this situation seriously affects their daily routines.

Contrary to what is known, patients with somatization disorder do not cause the disease themselves. There is a general belief that there is a serious illness. Physical symptoms make people very uncomfortable and create concerns about their bodies. However, in fact, there is no physical discomfort, there is a feeling of psychological discomfort. Patients constantly go to the hospital and receive different medical diagnoses. As a result, they are exposed to the side effects of drugs. If this disease is not treated, people will have a life dependent on hospitals.

What Are the Symptoms of Somatization Disorder?

Somatization disorder is among the psychiatric disorders that cannot be easily diagnosed. It is only possible to reach this diagnosis after the patient undergoes a detailed physician control. Because it is necessary to investigate whether the physical symptoms are a sign of a physical disease. If it is understood that there is no physical damage, psychological treatment is applied.

The presence of muscle pain at a level that will disrupt routine life and reduce work efficiency,

Gastropathic symptoms such as heartburn, stomach and intestinal pain, vomiting, nausea, stomach swelling,

Absence of any physical finding under conditions such as hoarseness of the person’s voice, sudden blindness, paralysis, fainting,

Gynecological diseases such as menstrual irregularities, excessive delay, excessive bleeding, hospitalization after vomiting attacks during pregnancy,

Experiencing pain during sexual intercourse, sexual reluctance,

Any physical damage that cannot be found under the presence of symptoms such as palpitations, inability to breathe, pain in the rib cage, and dizziness are sufficient factors to understand somatization disorder.

Why Does Somatization Disorder Occur?

Somatization disorder often emerges as an effect of facing stressful situations. Severe traumatic events in the past cause stress to accumulate in the mind. The mind tends to remove stress and other bad emotions from a part of the body. Essentially, this is a kind of energy discharge. One of the biggest causes of somatization disorders is the person’s resistance to traumatic events. Most things experienced are removed to a part of the mind as if they were not lived, and the person suppresses it. If these events accumulate or are triggered by something, the body gives alarms in certain ways. It also causes the person to suffer the pain that he could not take in time.

People with somatization disorder focus more on their body ailments than anyone else. For example, a normal individual may think that when there is palpitation, it is due to excitement, walking a lot, getting up suddenly, or something else. However, the individual with this disorder tends to think that the heart palpitations are only due to the heart attack. Panic disorder occurs in the majority of these patients. In addition, while normal individuals think that headache is a daily and temporary condition, sick individuals attribute it to brain hemorrhage, brain tumors and other things. They do research before going to the doctor and focus on the worst outcomes for their condition. In fact, these patients, who are their own doctors, reflect their inner feelings on their bodies and are afraid of it.

How Is Somatization Disorder Treated?

Somatization disorder patients generally tend to believe that what they experience is physical and fatal. Because of this situation, psychiatric treatment is their last chance. I went everywhere and nothing was found, I came here last, it is one of the most used sentences. It can be treated after psychotherapy methods and supplemental drug use. It should not be forgotten that it is a long and difficult process from time to time, for some people it is very difficult to face their trauma. This may also cause them to avoid treatment.

Somatization disorder patients generally apply to psychological treatment after at least 1 year. It is much easier to choose not to believe when it is reported that what they have experienced has no physical background. However, the earlier the intervention is done, the shorter the process will take and the patient will be able to regain the functionality they lost. Since these patients have to live close to the hospital and calculate how to get to the hospital every time they go, their life efficiency is very low. Proper treatment will help the patient regain their productivity.

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