Infections that settle in the cavities on our face, whose task is to humidify and filter the air, reduce the weight of our head and ensure the resonance of our voice, are generally called sinusitis, meaning sinus infection. Sinusitis is evaluated differently according to its location, duration, and damage to the nose. and each treatment is different.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF SINUSITIS?
In general, for us to have sinusitis, a blockage must occur. In other words, air must not be able to enter the sinus and the natural secretion formed in the sinus must not be discharged. Here, it is very important to have a philosophical discussion in terms of the treatment plan. Elimination of the cause that disrupts the ventilation and providing a healthy breathing nose structure often ensures the spontaneous disappearance of sinus infections. For this reason, the fact that sinusitis causes nasal congestion actually means that sinus infections can occur because the nose is blocked. What should be discussed here are the causes of nasal congestion and their treatment options. Considering the situation from this alternative point of view, most of the sinusitis can be completely treated. Except for some exceptional cases, success rates of 90% can be reached.
The vast majority of sinusitis is caused by bacterial infections. Bacteria, which accumulate on the natural secretion of the sinus mucosa, which cannot be ventilated due to the reasons mentioned above, and find a suitable environment to multiply, reproduce quite a lot over time, making the secretions of the sinus they are in dark, green, and foul-smelling. They also cause thickening of the mucosa, formation of cysts and structural deterioration.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF SINUSITIS?
Sinusitis symptoms can be observed in a wide range. There may be findings ranging from vague complaints such as weakness, fatigue, mild headache, which the patient considers to be quite normal, to complaints such as fever, runny nose, odor, cough, sputum, etc.
These findings are usually very related to the cause of sinusitis. For example, in sinusitis due to allergic rhinitis, intense discharge, cough, itching in the eyes and nose can be observed, while sinusitis due to curvature of the nasal bone may only have nasal congestion and headache.
Addressing the cause while making a treatment plan always increases the chance of success. For this, the cause is determined first with radiological imaging. Then, the treatment for this is planned considering the patient’s condition.
The treatment spectrum ranges from antibiotic therapy to endoscopic functional sinus surgery.