A normal spine is lined up straight when viewed from the back, while in scoliosis, the spine is curved to the side. Although there are many types of scoliosis, idiopathic (unknown cause) Scoliosis is the most common. Apart from this, congenital (congenital) and neuromuscular (due to muscle and nerve diseases) scoliosis are other common types.
How is Scoliosis Diagnosed?
Although there is a curvature of the spine, the head (head) often stays in alignment. Therefore, from the outside, it can be difficult to understand if the angle is not very high.
Here, the main task falls to the parents. With a 30-second examination, scoliosis can be understood and treated more easily with early diagnosis.
Who Gets Scoliosis?
It is a disease that is more common in girls than boys. There are many findings that it is hereditary, that is, familial.
Does scoliosis cause pain?
Not all scoliosis causes pain. A high angle of scoliosis does not mean that it will cause pain. The main reason for this is the difference in scoliosis.
Only corset and surgical treatments have been scientifically proven to be successful in scoliosis. There is no evidence for supportive treatments such as exercise, yoga, pilates. The best results with corset treatment are obtained in curves that are diagnosed early and treated and slowly progressing curves. It is not expected that corset treatment will stop high-angle curvatures. Corset treatment in the spine in the back region gives better results in single curvatures than in double curvatures. Most corsets are worn over a cotton T-shirt and can be worn over a dress. Physical activities are greatly restricted when a corset is worn.
What is Dynamic Scoliosis Corset?
SpineCor is a dynamic and flexible corset, ie not a rigid corset. It has many advantages due to this important feature. It maintains body movement while continuing with normal activities in daily life and aids in the development of growth. It can be easily worn under clothing and does not cause any change in the patient’s external appearance. In this way, it increases the patient’s acceptance rate of treatment. It also helps in solving postural problems.
Should every scoliosis patient have surgery?
Scoliosis surgery limit is 50 degrees and above. Only in some cases, it may be necessary to intervene below 50 degrees.
Scoliosis Surgery Process
There are many types of scoliosis as well as its surgery. The operation to be performed differs according to the type of scoliosis, the age of the patient and the degree of curvature. After a detailed examination and necessary examinations, the patient’s spine is corrected, attached to each other and welded, for which surgery is decided. Sometimes another curvature occurs at the bottom to compensate for the curvature at the top. In the early period, without losing its flexibility, the upper curvature is corrected by using a special technique and the lower curvature is corrected accordingly.
Therefore, the lower parts are not frozen. In this way, this part of the spine is released and a more mobile spine is obtained.
Growing sticks are used instead of freezing in patients whose spine growth has not been completed. Lengthening is performed at 6-month intervals under operating room conditions until the spine growth is completed.
Recently, simultaneously with the developments in the world, magnetic rods that grow with the help of a remote control from the outside have been successfully applied to the patients whose spine growth continues in our country. Thanks to this technique, children get rid of narcosis every 6 months and get away from the stress of surgery with their families. The patients who use this special rod are applied on the examination table in non-surgical polyclinic conditions for an average of 3 months. This technique, which is very important for the patient and his family, is frequently used by our spine center.
In some patients with too much curvature, an additional surgical intervention from the anterior part of the trunk may be required.
How Does It Happen After Scoliosis Surgery?
Patients are usually discharged from the hospital within 3-5 days after surgery. They return to their daily routine activities such as going to school in a very short time.