What is Prostate Cancer and Its Causes?

Disruption of genetic control results in cells multiplying uncontrollably and forming a large mass (tumor). It is characterized as benign or malignant according to its tendency to spread to the surrounding healthy tissue. Locally advanced disease is mentioned when prostate cancer spreads to the tissues around the prostate due to its spread to the surrounding tissue. The spread of cancer to more distant tissues is known as metastasis and occurs at a later stage.
Why Do Some Men Get Prostate Cancer?
The lifetime risk of developing prostate cancer is about 10%.
Your chances of getting prostate cancer depend on what your personal risk factors are. Having a risk factor indicates that you are more likely to develop any disease.

What are the risk factors in prostate cancer?
The strongest risk factor for prostate cancer is old age . This disease usually occurs in men over the age of 40. The most important risk factor for prostate cancer after age, is family history . A person whose father, brother, grandparent or uncle has the disease is at higher risk than someone who has no family members with the disease. This is especially true for people who have a close relative with prostate cancer under the age of 60. Ethnicity also matters. It is least seen in Asian men. There are various other risk factors for prostate cancer that you can have an impact on. This ” modifiable risk factors“first, Consumption of animal foods containing high amounts of saturated fat . It is known that a high-fat diet increases the incidence of prostate cancer. It would be appropriate to recommend a diet low in eggs, milk, cheese, butter and red meat to an individual who has concerns about prostate cancer (or heart disease). In addition, it may be beneficial to make some additions to the diet. If you want to take a vitamin or mineral supplement, it would be appropriate to talk to your doctor first. living environment is also important. It was found to be higher in machine users, workers, farmers, welders and those working in the industrial field compared to other segments. Hormone supplementsHigh doses of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) can trigger prostate enlargement or prostate cancer.

Why is the PSA Test important? 
PSA, prostate specific antigen, is a protein-like substance found in abundance in the fluid within the prostate. Determination of the amount of PSA in blood samples (PSA test) plays an extremely important role in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer and in the selection of effective treatment.


Finding a Good Urologist 
If your GP has determined that your PSA level is elevated (over 2.5 ng/ml) or your free PSA ratio is low (<18%), you will likely be referred to a urologist. It is vital that you feel comfortable with and trust your doctor. You can have a general examination, but a digital rectal examination (DRM) will definitely be done. This examination is routinely done in prostate evaluation. Your doctor will put on a glove and apply lubricant to his finger. It will tell you which position you should take. He or she will then touch your prostate to assess its size, shape, consistency, and surface. This examination is not painful but only uncomfortable. Try to relax until it’s over, it will only take a few seconds. You may be asked for a urine sample. This sample can be investigated for the presence of bacteria or blood. Ultrasound can be used to evaluate prostate size and tissue structure. If there is a possibility of prostate cancer, you will likely be offered a biopsy, an outpatient procedure, based on your PSA level. This method is used to take tissue samples from your prostate, which are then sent to a pathology lab for examination under a microscope. The pathologist looks for cancer and grades it if it is.

Treatment selection 
The choice of treatment that is best for you depends on many factors.

• How aggressive and advanced the cancer is (grade and stage)

• Your age

• Your general health status

• Your preferences for treatment

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