What is pathology?

Pathology: It was formed by combining the ancient Greek words “pathos” (disease) and “logos” (knowledge). the science of diseases Those who are not directly related to medicine are generally unaware of the existence of such a branch. However, pathology is a branch that has a very important place and weight in medical education.

It is a professional name that most people hear for the first time from their doctor. This initial sensation almost always accompanies an anxiety-provoking situation. You may hear phrases such as “You have a pathology report, see you later” or “it’s okay, but we still want a pathological examination”. These words are sometimes said for yourself and sometimes for a loved one. There are many who lose their sleep until the results of the pathological examination are clear and the answers to the questions are found…

This is an “examination” like taking an x-ray and giving blood. pathology,” autopsy It is also responsible for.

The samples to be examined by pathology are mainly evaluated in two groups:

Smaller or larger than the body tissues/organs removed by surgery ;

Cells taken from the body with a needle, self-shedding cells or body fluids . (These are most commonly “cervicovaginal smears”, that is, smear samples taken from female patients. pap. smear”are).

taken in one of the above ways tissue/organ/cell ensemble/fluids It is called “example”. For the first set of samples “Biopsy Report” , for the second “Cytology Report” is arranged.

These examples are in University Hospitals “ Department of Pathology in Training and Research Hospitals In Medical Pathology Clinics , in other State Hospitals and SSK Hospitals “ in the Pathology Service they are examined.

When receiving the sample, the name and numbers indicating which patient it belongs to are written on it. This number is also indicated in the pathology report.

In university hospitals, specialty students (assistants) also work during the preparation of the report. However, all review results reported by pathologists (pathologist) . Certain organs/tissues are evaluated by specialists with special interest/training in most University Hospitals and some large State Hospitals and large SSK Hospitals.

A series of procedures are performed to make the samples taken from the patients can be examined under a microscope. These processes can take a few minutes to a few days depending on the situation.

pathologists, They make a significant part of their evaluation in front of the microscope. . However, the patient’s complaints, the findings in the doctor’s examination and the results of laboratory tests also help in diagnosis. Therefore, from time to time pathologists may need to maintain direct contact with the patient.

prof. Dr. Nusret Erdogan / Pathology Specialist

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