What is Panic Attack? What Causes Panic Attacks?
If you have not experienced panic disorder, and I hope you will not, you may have difficulty understanding the intense anxiety that people with this disorder feel, although you are not aware of what exactly they are experiencing.
If there is someone around you who has a panic attack or has this disorder, you are probably asking yourself the following question; “What could they be going through so often that they go to the hospital, the ER, or the cardiologist? What could be that worries him so much?”
To give a very clear answer to this issue; If you’ve ever been face-to-face with death, it could be the scene of a traffic accident, a natural disaster such as an earthquake, a flood, or a scene where you are threatened with death. You know, at that moment, your whole life flashes before your eyes like a film strip. You imagine that you are going to die, and how your relatives will react when they receive this news. You can even plan your funeral. Individuals who experience panic attacks experience this fiction and anxiety almost every time they have an attack, and experiencing it over and over again starts to hurt incredibly.
They also worry intensely that they will lose their minds or lose their minds because they cannot explain these intense feelings they experience or because they are not sufficiently understood by their environment.
In general, we often hear the following from clients who have panic attacks or panic disorder in the first sessions they decide to seek psychological help;
-I am a strong determined person who is loved by my environment, but since I got this disorder, I started to feel very powerless.
-Will I be able to get better? Because I experience these attacks or anxiety so often that it seems as if they will never end.
-I have a heart disease and I wonder if the doctors I go to do not notice?
-Can I be punished for my mistakes or sins?
-What if I get sick again in the future after I get better here!
Panic Attack? Panic Disorder?
There are some physical and mental reactions that you may experience while having a panic attack. These; palpitations, tremor, fear of death, sweating, hot or cold flashes, nausea, chest pain.
If, after a while, you combine these findings that you may experience during a panic attack with a disaster scenario and misinterpret these findings, and if you experience a repetitive attack almost every time you feel these findings, you have started to have panic disorder.
For example, when you feel palpitations even while running, you definitely have a heart attack, you experience a darkening in your eyes due to difficulty in breathing, you probably have a stroke, or when you experience a state of depersonalization that we can call a feeling of alienation (depersonalization), you experience intense anxiety about losing my mind.
However, the moment when it starts to turn into a disease is when you start compromising your quality of life in order not to experience even one of these symptoms, and you reach the point where you cannot go or get on the elevator, bus, bazaar, market, crowd, bridge, cinema.
In panic attack, there is a situation that triggers the attack in general. However, in panic disorder, there is no need for any situation to trigger the attack. It can start on its own and recur very often.
If you pay attention, the attack will repeat itself in cases where you have or will experience similar situations, and these events generally include the facts that you have coded into your brain as stressful.
While the rate of having panic attacks in the society is around 10%, the risk of experiencing panic disorder is between 1 and 3%.
How Long Does Panic Attack Treatment Take?
Panic disorder is definitely a curable disorder, and EMDR therapy, which has been accepted by the World Health Organization in the treatment of panic disorder, is among the most effective and permanent methods.
In EMDR Therapy, the memories that trigger the panic attack are detected and an adaptive information processing is provided for the past, present and future by providing desensitization and reprocessing for these memories.
How long does panic attack treatment take? The answer to the question is that this situation will actually differ from person to person. Because the factors that cause each person to experience a panic attack are different, and the subject of how long they have experienced this disorder varies, and the counseling process will also differ from person to person.