What is Panic Attack?

If we need to address it in line with the definitions of the Anxiety Disorders Scientific Study Unit of the Turkish Psychiatric Association; First of all, it would be useful to state that panic attacks and panic disorder are two separate concepts. Panic attacks are episodes of intense fear and distress that occur spontaneously, that can leave the person in terror the moment they occur, and that are repeated from time to time.

Panic Attack, it starts suddenly , progressively intensified and peaks in intensity within 10 minutes; It usually goes away on its own after 10-30 minutes (rarely up to 1 hour).


  • chest pain or tightness in the chest,

  • Palpitations, hard or fast heartbeat

  • Sweating,

  • shortness of breath or choking,

  • suffocation

  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, falling or fainting

  • numbness or tingling

  • Chills, chills or hot flashes

  • nausea or abdominal pain

  • shaking or shaking

  • Feeling yourself or others changed, strange and different

  • Fear of losing control or going crazy

  • The fear of death

A Panic Attack has at least 4 or more of these symptoms.


In the first stage, attacks begin. Sudden onset of chest pain for no reason, chest tightness, palpitations, shortness of breath, sweating, tremors, chills or chills, sometimes nausea or abdominal pain, dizziness, unsteadiness; Symptoms such as falling or fainting, numbness or tingling leave the person terrified.
That moment Have you had a “heart attack” orin is having a strokeassuming an intense “the fear of death”or “fear of paralysis”lives.

Sometimes, with the emergence of feelings such as strangeness, drowsiness, feeling strange or different in himself or his surroundings, “to lose control”or ” starting to go crazy He starts to fear that he will harm himself or those around him. After this stage, the attacks begin to repeat. After a while, the person enters a process of expectation that the attacks will come, and anticipatory anxiety occurs. After these processes, the person feels himself in a process that he thinks he will not get out of, and depressive thoughts and depressive mood accompany the person. After this process, the person starts to develop his own strategies and change his daily behavior in order not to face the problem.


Panic Disorder is a well-known and very common condition among mental health professionals.

So much so that about 3-4 of any 100 people in the community have either had this disease before or are still living with this disease.

It usually starts for the first time between the ages of 20-35. It is 2-3 times more common in women than men.



There are two scientific explanations for why Panic Disorder occurs:

1. Panic Disorder occurs as a result of abnormal functioning of some brain hormones, which are secreted from nerve cells called neurons in our brain, regulating our excitement and emotional lives.

2. Panic Disorder is when physical symptoms such as palpitation, sweating, shortness of breath or dizziness, which are completely “natural and harmless” and occur as a result of some of our behaviors in our daily life, are evaluated by the patient as symptoms of a bad illness and as a result ” I’m having a heart attack, I’m going to die”, “I’m going crazy”, “I’m going to be paralyzed”occurs as a result of misinterpretation.


Panic Disorder is a treatable disease. Today, there are two types of treatments, the effectiveness of which has been proven by scientific research. These are drug therapy and therapy process. In recent studies, it has been observed that panic disorder treatments can be performed without the use of medication. There are two main purposes in therapy. First of all, it is aimed to correct the misinformation and beliefs of the person about Panic Attack symptoms, which are actually completely “harmless”, and to teach the person to cope with these symptoms without fear. Another is to gradually compare the places and situations that the person avoids being alone because he is afraid of a panic attack, so that he can overcome his fears by enabling him to overcome his fears.

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