It is a psychological disorder in which intense feelings of fear, anxiety, and terror occur and are accompanied by physical symptoms. Panic disorder is a psychological disorder that manifests itself with unexpected panic attacks and the fear that these panic attacks will recur. In order to be diagnosed with Panic Disorder, the person must experience recurrent, unexpected attacks and the anxiety about having another attack or the behavioral change due to this anxiety must have been ongoing for one month. Although panic attacks are usually short-lived, they are quite traumatic and intense experiences for the person living.
Panic attacks develop suddenly and the severity of the symptoms peaks within 10 minutes. Symptoms usually ease and disappear within 20 to 30 minutes. Panic attacks lasting more than an hour are very rare. Panic attacks are usually unexpectedly‘ and ‘ suddenly ‘ they emerge. While these attacks are called ‘unpredictable attacks’, they can sometimes occur after a certain trigger, in response to a situational stimulus. In order to avoid panic attacks, the person may sometimes resort to behaviors that are not functional and may interfere with their daily life.
Symptoms of Panic Disorder Although it usually manifests physically, cognitive symptoms may also accompany. most common physical symptoms ; heart palpitations, chest pain, hot flashes, shortness of breath, choking sensation, dizziness, abdominal pain, numbness, tingling, chills, and nausea. These symptoms may be accompanied by depersonalization (feeling of being outside the body), derealization (feeling of alienation from the environment), loss of control, and fear of death. At least four of these symptoms must be present. Because most of the symptoms are physical, these people often visit the emergency departments of hospitals with the belief that they have health problems.
THINGS TO DO DURING A PANIC ATTACK
You should stay where you are as long as possible.
Remind yourself that the attack will pass
Remember that there is no threat to your life
Focus on the positives
Breathe slowly and deeply
Don’t fight the attack
Panic Attack is a disease that can be treated and completely cured. There are two scientifically proven types of treatment. The best results are obtained if these two types of treatment are applied together.
In the drug treatment of Panic Attacks, drugs are used to prevent Panic Attacks by correcting the hormonal activities that cannot fully function in the nerve cells in the brain.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
In the cognitive part of cognitive-behavioral therapies, the misinterpretation of bodily sensations of individuals is studied. First of all, clients are given psychoeducation on panic attacks. The nature of panic attacks, how they develop, what causes body sensations are described in detail. The clients are given relaxation techniques and breathing exercises. Next, the catastrophizing of bodily sensations is discussed. Cognitive restructuring is studied by addressing the thinking and logic errors that people with panic disorder often make.