What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that requires expertise in correcting crooked teeth and non-ideal jaws using fixed and removable appliances.

functional appliances

Functional appliances are removable palate holders that affect the teeth and jawbones. It is aimed to correct the non-ideal positions of the jaws by using the growth potentials of the patients in the growth and development period. Examination of children who are in the growth and development period by an Orthodontist during this period has an important factor in preventing permanent disorders that may occur.

It is recommended to wear these appliances for 24 hours during the day unless your orthodontist has a different recommendation. It is normal to have pain in your teeth for 3-5 days following the first day of wearing the appliances. If necessary, you can use painkillers recommended by your doctor. The appliances are removed while eating, and after each meal, after brushing the teeth, the appliances are also cleaned with a soft brush.

How should braces wearers be fed?

Patients using braces need to regulate their diet so that their brackets do not fall out. Brackets break only with hard and sudden forces. Therefore, fruits and vegetables should be eaten by cutting them into small pieces with a knife. Nuts such as hazelnuts, peanuts and nuts should be separated from their shells and ground and consumed. The seeds of foods with seeds such as olives and dates should be removed by hand and eaten. Sticky sugary foods (such as jelly beans, caramel foods) should be avoided. These foods can both break your braces and stick to your teeth and cause dental caries. Foods such as hamburger, toast, wrap should be divided by hand and consumed in small bites. During the treatment, carbonated and sugary drinks should be avoided.

During the orthodontic treatment, special procedures are performed for the progress of the treatment in each session. If the patient does not regulate his diet during the braces treatment, the braces will break and the teeth will move independently of the braces, so your treatment cannot progress, and your dentist will have to return to the thin braces that he or she wore in the first sessions. Both your appointment time and your total treatment time will be extended.

How should I take care of my teeth during my orthodontic treatment?

Chewing cheeks, tongue and teeth serve as mechanical cleaning. In patients whose braces continue, the cleaning effect of the cheeks on the teeth disappears, in addition, the brackets cause the food to stick to the teeth and the patient to maintain oral care more difficult. Therefore, during braces treatment, patients should brush their teeth at least three times a day, preferably with a soft brush and a paste containing fluoride, regardless of what goes into their mouths. At the same time, patients should get support from alcohol-free mouthwashes and use an interface brush once a day. They should arrange their diet as recommended by their doctor, avoid sticky, sugary, acidic foods and drinks, and consume healthy snacks in between meals. In patients who do not take into account the recommendations of their orthodontists, white spot lesions (caries onset) that we call white spot are quite common around the brackets and on the front of the teeth. When these lesions progress, they cause large caries and teeth lose their aesthetics and health.

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