What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics; literally means straight tooth. As the name suggests, teeth that have deviated from their normal angle and other values ​​are aligned with orthodontic treatment. However, with orthodontic treatment, not only teeth but also skeletal deviations are treated. Facial orthopedics, which is the treatment method of skeletal irregularities in today’s orthodontics, is also included in this field.

Orthodontic treatment usually starts around 5-6 years of age, but it can be applied at any age. Only, in some cases, the course of treatment to be applied may vary depending on age. For example; While it is possible to treat mandibular retardation with intraoral functional appliances in individuals whose skeletal growth and development continues, orthognathic surgery may be required in addition to orthodontic treatment if skeletal treatment is desired in adult individuals whose growth and development has been completed.

The course of orthodontic treatment varies from case to case. Each individual requires a different form of treatment. Thus, the form of orthodontic treatment can vary widely. However, the appliances applied for therapeutic purposes are also very diverse. In particular, different appliances (for example, face masks for those with upper jaw retardation) are used according to the case to correct the relationship between the jaws at a young age. In adult patients, jaw surgery is performed together with orthodontics to treat maxillary recession.

In today’s patients, especially in adult patients, aesthetic treatment methods are preferred because there is a lot of aesthetic anxiety. Transparent plaques, transparent (ceramic and s.) brackets, lingual bracket system (from the inner side of the teeth) can be cited as aesthetic treatments.

Before starting orthodontic treatment, the orthodontist should thoroughly investigate the etiology (cause) of the skeletal and/or dental irregularity and follow the treatment path for it. For example, there may be conditions such as upper jaw narrowing, which is one of the frequently encountered cases, which is most common in patients who breathe through the mouth for a long time. In such cases, it is necessary to eliminate the factor that causes mouth breathing at least as much as orthodontic treatment. Therefore, in such cases, the orthodontist should follow an interdisciplinary path with an ear-nose-throat specialist.

In some cases, there may be deviations between the size of the dental arches and the size of the teeth themselves. If the arch length is less than the total size of the teeth, tooth extraction may be required, taking into account the angles of the teeth with the jaws and dental bite. If the arch size is more than the total tooth size, there will be gaps between the teeth, in most cases, tooth extraction is not performed and the gaps must be closed.

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