What is Orthodontic Treatment?

  • What is orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontics is a branch of science that examines the relationship of the teeth with the jawbones, the jawbones with each other, and the jawbones with the skull bones. Orthodontic treatment is a way of treating the disorders in this system.

  • Who is the orthodontist?

After graduating from the Faculty of Dentistry and becoming a dentist, a specialist or doctorate in the Department of Orthodontics ”orthodontist”is called.

  • Can orthodontic treatment replace my teeth?

Yes. With orthodontic treatment, crowding and gaps in the teeth can be easily corrected and a correct and healthy smile can be obtained.

  • Why is there confusion?

In addition to the role of hereditary factors in the causes of orthodontic disorders, the factor is mostly environmental factors. Namely, mouth breathing, thumb sucking, lip or tongue sucking, nail biting, pencil biting, using bottles and pacifiers for a long time. (It causes permanent skeletal disorders after 4 years of age) may be due to habits such as playing a wind instrument, etc. In addition, tonsil and adenoid problems, which are common in children, cause permanent disorders in the maxillofacial system if not intervened in a timely manner.

  • Will my teeth straighten after this age? Can adults also have orthodontic treatment?

Yes, adults can also be treated easily. Contrary to popular belief, it is possible to move teeth at any age with a healthy gum. However, because early diagnosed anomalies have more treatment options, occlusion should be evaluated by an orthodontist at an early age.

  • What is the ideal age in orthodontics?

Generally, the ideal age for the treatment of dental disorders is around the age of 10-12, when the replacement of the deciduous teeth is about to be completed, and the replacement time of the canine teeth. However, early treatment is of great importance in some jaw problems and quitting bad habits. That’s why you should definitely ask your dentist for an orthodontist consultation around the age of 6-7 when fissure protectors are applied.

  • How will I know if I need orthodontic treatment?

The first orthodontic control is performed by the orthodontist at the age of 6-7, when permanent dentition begins. Your next controls will be done by your dentist. Around the age of 10-12, your doctor may request an orthodontist consultation again if necessary. In addition, orthodontic treatment can be performed to assist prosthetic treatment or for aesthetic purposes, even in adulthood, when necessary.

  • How long will my orthodontic treatment take?

Active treatment takes an average of 1.5 – 2 years. However, the time varies according to the type of treatment, age of the patient and cooperation. It can be shorter as well as longer.

  • Will my appointments take long? How often will I come?

The first one or two appointments where your records will be taken and your braces will be placed can take up to an hour. Your next appointments will be every 3-4 weeks and will take between 15 minutes and half an hour as long as there is no bracket breakage or wire breakage.

  • Do I need to have a tooth pulled?

Sometimes yes, sometimes no. It may be necessary to take extractions from the teeth continuously in order to provide space in very crowded mouths.

  • Will the wires hurt or hurt my teeth or me when they are inserted?

Brackets are attached to your teeth with a special adhesive and do not hurt at all. Some soft tissue injuries may occur in the lips and cheeks in the first few days of wearing, but this is temporary.

During orthodontic treatment, the risk of tooth decay increases, so it is very important that food residue does not accumulate between the brackets. Teeth and brackets should be cleaned after every meal.

  • Will my strings be visible?

The main element of fixed orthodontic treatment is the bracket. Brackets have metal, plastic and porcelain types and are adhered to the enamel surface of the teeth. In addition, treatment can be performed with brackets applied by the tongue and removable transparent plates.

What children call chinrest and bit for the forces on the jawbone during treatment, ”chickap”and ”headgear”devices such as extraoral can be used.

  • What can we do to prevent orthodontic disorder?

The family can prevent or minimize environmental factors. A periodic dental check-up is essential at first. It is necessary to apply fluoride regularly from the primary dentition and to apply a fissure protector to permanent molars. In addition, the milk teeth that had to be removed early should be kept in place until the permanent teeth erupt, and placeholders should be made for this.

It is necessary to discourage children from bad habits such as thumb sucking, using a long-term bottle, and mouth breathing until they are 4 years old at the latest. After this age, defects in maxillofacial development become permanent.

When the family or dentist suspects any disorder in the jaw and teeth, it should be evaluated by an orthodontist.

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