What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

It is extremely healthy to be worried and worried about the events encountered in every period of life. Often the person copes with such situations, leaves these feelings behind and continues his daily life. However, some people continue their worries and obsessions even though they know that this situation is not normal. The state of being obsessed, known as obsession in medicine, can be defined as an idea, thought and / or impulse that one cannot get rid of. Although this situation, which comes to the mind of the person against his will, is found illogical by himself, the person cannot get away from these thoughts.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder, OCD, which is commonly referred to as an obsession disease among the society, is characterized by the fact that individuals have repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and these thoughts disturb the inner world of the individual, make him/her uneasy, and completely fail to fulfill their job, job, duties and responsibilities. It is a psychological, mental disorder-disease that is characterized by repetitive behaviors called rituals or compulsions, usually in order to relax, due to a general unhappiness caused by not being able to fulfill it. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), an anxiety-type disorder, is a disorder that restricts people by trapping them in a repetitive cycle of thoughts and behaviors. Obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental illness that occurs as a result of obsessive thoughts affecting daily life and even vital activities.
Many people, from time to time in their daily life, may experience worry, anxiety, and obsessions about various issues. At the same time, most of these people may not have difficulty in coping with these emotional situations that occur in daily life and can solve their problems without allowing them to reach the point of affecting their lives in some way. However, some individuals may have some obsessive thoughts, or even bring their thoughts to the point of obsession, even though they know that it is not true without losing their sense of reality, and it can be very comfortable for such an individual.

What is Obsession?
obsession; Thoughts, ideas and impulses that a person cannot prevent from entering his mind and cannot get rid of. obsession; They are irrational, obsessive, disturbing thoughts that occur in a way that negatively affects daily life, and they are continuous. They come against the person’s will, are considered irrational by the person, and cause intense distress and restlessness, that is, anxiety. Patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are obsessed with thoughts, fears, or images that they cannot control. This can be extremely uncomfortable for both themselves and those around them.

What is Compulsion?
Another part of the disorder is the repetitive behaviors that often disturb the mind, called compulsions, and force the person to do behaviors that one does not want to do in order to distract the mind from the obsession. Compulsion; It is the repetitive behavior and mental actions performed to eliminate or reduce the uneasiness and intense distress caused by obsessions. Anxiety, tension, repetitive behaviors produced by obsessive thoughts cause rituals or routines to become mandatory. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients make all these compulsions a routine in order to prevent or eliminate obsessive thoughts.
Although obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) patients try to ignore or stop their obsessions, they cannot prevent this situation and increase their anxiety. As the person begins to engage in compulsive actions to relieve their stress, they push themselves. Even if they try to get rid of obsessive thoughts or urges, this can sometimes lead to worse outcomes. Compulsions may be taking up most of the person’s time as they are seen as the only way to reduce the current distress caused by the obsession. The ritual stops the anxiety temporarily, and when obsessive thoughts reoccur, one has to repeat the ritual immediately. This OCD cycle can steal hours from a person’s day, preventing them from doing their normal daily activities.

Obsessions Cause Undesirable Behaviors
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a psychiatric disorder that progresses in the form of doing certain movements repeatedly in order to eliminate the distress caused by uncontrollable thoughts and thought obsessions that occupy the mind again and again, even though it is known to be irrational. People with obsessive-compulsive disorder, or obsessive disorder, are constantly in a state of fear due to involuntary thoughts that haunt the mind over and over again. The most common obsessive compulsive disorder is doubt obsession and control compulsion. People with an obsessive disorder who want to get rid of such anxiety-provoking thoughts sometimes check repeatedly whether the door is locked, sometimes they go to the kitchen to check on the thought that they may have left the stove on, and sometimes they wash their hands repeatedly because they are afraid of catching a germ. In some cases, a person may go down from their home 3-4 times to make sure their vehicle is locked. Some people have compulsions related to touch. In this case, the person needs to touch an object that is important to him before his actions. This situation, which causes a significant decrease in the quality of life of the person, can even affect the vital activities of the person from time to time. People with obsessive-compulsive disorder may be aware that their obsessions and obsessions are unreal or meaningless, but they cannot stop themselves. To overcome this situation, it checks these objects repeatedly.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Is Not an Obsession, It’s a Disease
Although such behaviors that occur as in these examples are considered as “obsession” in the society, this is one of the psychological diseases. Obsessive-compulsive disorder may worsen if people with obsessive compulsive disorder do not perform rituals, i.e., excessive or unreasonable but still repetitive behaviors in line with the thoughts that preoccupy their minds. Sometimes, people’s quality of life decreases due to obsessions that last for hours, the person cannot do what they need to do and gets very tired during the day. People with this type of disorder may also experience great difficulties in education or working life. For example, a prepared project may not be delivered on time due to worrying thoughts despite being checked over and over again.

Is There a Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
Obsessive compulsive disorder, which causes repetitive thoughts and behaviors, is definitely a treatable disorder. In individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder, the presence of thoughts such as losing hope, despair, helplessness, and inability to reach a solution is encountered at a very high rate. To repeat, obsessive compulsive disorder, that is, OCD, is a disease with a solution and a treatment. The most important thing for individuals to do here is not to interrupt their treatment and to continue their treatment on a regular basis. In daily life, there may be repetitive behaviors in connection with obsessive, anxious and pessimistic thoughts. If these obsessions and anxieties can take hours and affect the person’s life negatively, this may indicate the presence of a significant disorder. If you have thoughts that you do not want to think about, even if you want to solve it, erase it from your mind, remove it from your brain, and forget it, but if you have thoughts that occupy your mind many times during the day or if you can’t stop doing the same thing over and over again to reduce the distress caused by obsessions and obsessions, you have an obsessive compulsive disorder. it could be. The most important thing to do in such a situation is to seek support from a psychologist without wasting any time. Why is it said without wasting time, because as time passes, obsessions take root in the mind-brain, become stereotypes and thus complicate the solution, but only make it difficult, not insoluble. Obsessive compulsive disorder, which causes repetitive thoughts and behaviors, is definitely a treatable disorder.

Don’t Use These Phrases on a Person with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Other people around him may say to such an individual: “Forget it, forget it, delete it from your mind, get it out of your mind, don’t hang out, but you exaggerate, put it aside, engage in something else, get it out of your mind, etc.” Even if he says things, it’s no use. It can even have the opposite effect. The best help that can be done to such an individual would be to encourage him to seek support from a psychologist.

At What Ages Does OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) Start and In Whose It Is More Common?
Although OCD was considered to be a rare disease in the past, it has been determined that it is not rare at all in recent studies. Obsessive compulsive disorder, which has an increasing incidence in the community, can be found in two or three of every 100 people in studies conducted in large populations. In recent years, the disease, which generally covers the adolescence period and the ages of 20-30, can be seen at any age, including preschool children. OCD often begins between the ages of 7 and 12. Obsessive compulsive disorder, which is more common in women, usually occurs at an early age in men. The incidence of this disease, which has been seen more frequently in recent years, is around 3% among adults. OCD affects 3.3 million adults and 1 million children and teenagers in the United States. The disorder first appears in childhood, adolescence and early adulthood. It is seen in everyone equally, regardless of race and socioeconomic background.

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