Obesity is a complex disease that occurs when body fat mass rises above normal levels. Obesity is not just a cosmetic problem, it is a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and some cancers.
The degree of body fat percentage is defined by the Body Mass Index (BMI) criterion.
BMI is calculated by dividing body weight (kg) by height (m) squared:
Weight status—– BMI
1st degree——————- 30-34.9
2nd degree——————- 35-39.9
3rd degree (Morbid obese)—– ≥40
Although BMI provides a reasonable estimate of body fat, it does not measure body fat directly, so it can cause an erroneous assessment in some people, such as muscular athletes. In addition, since it may not correspond to the same degree of obesity in different individuals, it is useful to measure the waist circumference of the person for a more accurate assessment. Weight-related health problems are more common in men with a waist circumference of more than 102 cm and in women with a waist circumference of more than 89 cm.
In general, there are people in the world who are more obese than thin, and obesity occurs in every region except parts of Africa and Asia. Overweight and obesity cause more deaths worldwide than underweight.
PROBLEMS CAUSED BY OBESITY
A number of potentially serious health problems can develop in association with obesity:
Heart disease and stroke.Obesity makes you more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels, which are risk factors for heart disease and stroke.
2 types of diabetes.Obesity affects the way the body uses insulin to control blood sugar levels, increasing the risk of insulin resistance and diabetes.
Some cancers.Obesity can increase the risk of cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, and prostate.
digestive problems.Obesity increases the likelihood of developing reflux, gallbladder disease, and liver problems.
Sleep apnea. People with obesity are more likely to have sleep apnea.
Osteoarthritis (Calcification).In addition to increasing the likelihood of inflammation in the body, obesity can also increase the stress placed on weight-bearing joints, leading to the development of complications such as osteoarthritis.
Severe COVID-19 symptoms.Obesity increases the risk of severe COVID-19 illness.
Obesity can reduce overall quality of life. You may not be able to do physical activities that you used to enjoy. You can avoid public places. People with obesity may even face discrimination.
Other weight-related issues that can affect your quality of life include:
shame and guilt
lower business success