Neuroradiology is a sub-branch of radiology, and it is a branch of science that enables the diagnosis of diseases of the brain – spinal cord and head – neck region using imaging methods.
All imaging methods within the scope of radiology (direct X-ray, ultrasonography, color Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, computed tomographic angiography, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, functional magnetic resonance, magnetic resonance imaging angiography and catheter angiography methods) can be used for this purpose.
Which method will be used in which disease may vary depending on the patient and the disease sought.
Today, neuroradiology is also divided into two separate sections:
1- Diagnostic Neuroradiology
2- Interventional Neuroradiology
In the scope of diagnostic neuroradiology, the diagnosis and follow-up of diseases are carried out with the above-mentioned imaging methods, while the treatment of some diseases is undertaken within the scope of interventional neuroradiology.
Generally, the treatment of vascular diseases (aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation, arteriovenous fistulas by accessing the vein (endovascular way), widening of stenosis in the neck and brain vessels (balloon dilatation and / or stenting), early treatment of stroke / brain crisis, some brain and head and neck Intravenous or injection treatment of vascular malformations and hemangiomas, etc.) can also be performed using interventional neuroradiological methods. These methods are generally used as an alternative to open surgery applications, and they are performed intravenously by entering through the groin with the angiography method.
prof. Dr. Ozenc MINARECI