What is laparoscopy? Why is it done?

Laparoscopy is a type of surgery that uses smaller surgical incisions than you might expect. This process, named after the laparoscope, is done with a small video camera and a thin instrument that emits light at the end. When the surgeon enters your abdomen with this system through a small incision, they can look at a video monitor and see what’s going on. In traditional surgery, it is obligatory to make a larger cut. Thanks to the special instruments, your surgeon will not need to open your body any more. So laparoscopy means less cutting.

Have you heard anything about “minimally invasive” surgery? Laparoscopy is a type of Minimally Invasive surgery. Laparoscopy was first used for gallbladder surgery and gynecology operations. Then it began to be used for the intestine, liver and other organs. Recently, laparoscopic interventions have been performed by pancreatic, biliary and liver surgeons.

How is it done?

Before this system came into existence, the patient had to make a 6-15 cm long incision in the abdomen for the surgical procedure. This length could be large or small to allow surgeons to see what they were doing and arrive at what they needed to do.

In laparoscopic surgery, several small incisions are made. Usually, each is half an inch long (which is why it’s sometimes called keyhole surgery). A tube (trocar) is inserted through each opening. The camera and special surgical instruments are passed through them and the operation is performed.

What are the Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery has several advantages compared to the traditional method.

Because it requires fewer incisions:

You will have smaller wounds

You get out of the hospital faster

You feel less pain as scars heal and they heal faster

You return to your normal activities

May have less internal scarring

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