What is infertility? When to start research?

Infertility is the inability of couples to get pregnant despite having intercourse regularly (2-3 times a week) for 1 year. The rate of infertility in the society can be given as 15% or as one of 7 couples.
The best period of fertility and ovarian functions is reported as 24 years of age for a woman. As age progresses, changes and slowdowns in ovarian functions, especially over the age of 35, decrease the fertility rate of women. In men, over the age of 40, sperm quality decreases, and the rate and percentage of anomalies increase, and the contribution of men to fertility decreases.
A healthy couple has a 57% chance of conceiving within 3 months with regular intercourse, 72% within 6 months, 85% within 1 year, and 93% at the end of 2 years. In the researches of couples who cannot achieve pregnancy, no reason can be found in 15% of the cases, this is called unexplained infertility. The causes of infertility in couples are approximately 40-50% depending on the female factor, 30-40% in the male factors, and 15-20% in the factors related to both.
In our country, it is often taken early to diagnose infertility. The reason for this is that the couples hurry and act impatiently. For the evaluation of the couples, the 1-year period of unprotected intercourse should be completed, and the research should be started if pregnancy is not achieved at the end of one year.
There should be some reasons to start early research, these are the age of the woman over 35, a known gynecological problem (obstruction in the tubes, conditions that require removal of the tubes, polycystic ovary, ovarian dysfunction, hormonal imbalances, other endocrine disorders), a known male factor (sperm). number-shape-anomaly, varicocele).

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