Infertility is defined as the absence of pregnancy within 1 year despite regular sexual intercourse. This period is accepted as 6 months in cases where the female age is 35 and over. Therefore, if the female age is over 35 or if there is any finding in the history and physical examination that may be associated with infertility, investigations should be initiated earlier.
For pregnancy to occur, sexual intercourse must occur at least once a week. In cases where sexual intercourse is less frequent, the chance of pregnancy decreases. The ideal frequency of sexual intercourse for pregnancy to occur is 2-3 times a week.
STRESS AND INfertility:
Stress is defined as any situation that a person sees as a threat or harmful to himself. Stress can cause an increased arousal in many organs in the body. This increased activity in the organs is secreted by the hormones secreted from the adrenal glands and through the central nervous system. Acute stress can result in an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, increased breathing, as well as sweating of the palms and a feeling of sudden coldness. On the other hand, we can mention that chronic stress causes depression, damages the immune system and creates sleep problems.
Does stress cause infertility?
Although infertility is a highly stressful experience, there is little evidence to suggest that it can be caused by stress. However, in some cases, high levels of stress can cause hormonal changes in women and impaired egg production. In addition, extreme stress can cause fallopian tube spasms in women and a reduced sperm count in men. It is also important how stress is defined. Considering that chronic stress can cause depression, the negative effects of depression on egg quality and the fact that depressed women are at twice the risk of miscarriage show us that stress indirectly affects infertility treatment.
The stress of infertility
Studies have shown that the stress levels of patients undergoing infertility treatment are not different from those of women battling vital diseases, and often even slightly higher. Infertile couples undergoing treatment experience a chronic stress period every month, first in order to achieve pregnancy, and then because of the disappointment they experience if the treatment fails.
Why is infertility stressful?
Infertility is a problem that is reflected in many important areas of life. A couple diagnosed with infertility feel that they have lost their sense of control over their bodies or their plans for life. Infertility can create a serious crisis in the lives of couples, because one of the important goals of life, “being a parent”, cannot be realized for an indefinite period. Before encountering this problem, they have seen that they can be successful if they put effort and effort in a certain issue throughout their lives, but not being able to do this during the infertility process is a very difficult experience for couples. In addition, infertility tests, procedures and the use of needles and drugs during the treatment process are a source of intense physical, emotional and financial stress. Working women often have problems getting time off from work while commuting to doctor’s appointments, which can put more pressure on them.
Stress reduction tips
- Make sure to communicate clearly and effectively with your partner.
- You can learn stress reduction techniques such as yoga and meditation by consulting your psychologist.
- You can participate in different artistic, creative courses (eg: painting, wood painting, etc.)
- Do not take caffeine and other substances that have a stimulating effect on the body.
- In order to reduce physical and emotional tension, you can do sports (especially slow-paced walks) without exaggeration and in consultation with your specialist.
- Have a treatment plan that you and your partner agree on.
- Get a full understanding of the cause of your infertility problem and the appropriate treatment options.
- Get emotional support so you don’t feel alone. Individual and couple therapy, supportive sharing groups, and books on infertility help you get to know your feelings better and help you deal more effectively with the stresses of treatment.