What is Hypertension?

Blood pressure is the pressure that the heart creates on the vessel wall as it pumps blood, and is expressed in mm Hg (mercury). High blood pressure is defined as hypertension or high blood pressure.

Blood pressure consists of two different values: systolic (systolic blood pressure) or the pressure created by the heart when pumping blood, and diastolic (lower blood pressure) or the pressure during the period when the heart stops pumping blood. Normal blood pressure values ​​should be no more than 120 mmHg for systolic and no more than 80 mmHg for diastolic.

Is Hypertension Common in the Community?

When we look at the world data, we know that one out of 4 people, and in some countries like the United States, one out of 3 people have hypertension. According to the data of the World Health Organization, it affects more than one billion people in the world and causes the death of nine million people annually.

The prevalence of hypertension in developing countries is high and increasing. In 2025, it is expected that there will be 1.6 billion patients with hypertension in the world. It is calculated that approximately half of the patients with hypertension in the world are not aware of their disease and only less than 20% of them have their blood pressure under control.

Are There Any Harms of Hypertension?

It can cause diseases such as heart attack, brain hemorrhage and stroke, heart failure, kidney failure, vision loss.

How is Hypertension Treated? Is it okay if I don’t take the medicine some days when I feel good?

Hypertension treatment is lifelong, blood pressure drops to normal limits with the drugs used in the treatment, but if the treatment is stopped, blood pressure will return to its previous values. For this reason, treatment should not be interrupted, and a doctor should be consulted at least once a year.

In some special cases, hypertension may be due to a kidney disease or hormone increase. In these cases, blood pressure may improve with the treatment of kidney disease or hormonal disorder, or it may become more easily controlled with fewer medications.

Does Hypertension Make Drugs Habit?

No it doesn’t; Due to vascular elasticity, the number or dose of drugs taken for blood pressure control may be low, in this case it may be necessary to add a new drug or increase the dose of the drug used.

A relative of mine has hypertension, can I also give him the medicine I use?

No, definitely do not act like this, and warn those who do. A drug that is suitable for you may be harmful to someone else, so advise your relative to consult a doctor.

How Can I Measure My Blood Pressure?

Try to learn enough information about how to measure blood pressure from a doctor or training program. Electronic devices that measure blood pressure from the arm can also be used; however, in order to understand the reliability of these instruments, it would be appropriate to compare them with the values ​​obtained with a mercury blood pressure monitor. Wrist-based devices provide a rough idea, but their reliability is limited. The instruments that give the most accurate results are the mercury measuring instruments.

What should I pay attention to when measuring blood pressure?

Before blood pressure measurement, you should rest for at least 5 minutes in a quiet environment, the measurement should be taken with the feet on the ground and the arms supported at heart level. Choosing the right blood pressure cuff is also important. Such that a cuff that is too small may cause an incorrectly high reading. Your sphygmomanometer should adequately cover your arm and length, you should not insert the listening device (stethoscope) under the cuff of the sphygmomanometer. You must not have had caffeinated beverages such as coffee, cola, or cigarettes in the last half hour. Other factors that may affect blood pressure measurement; full bladder, noisy environment should also be paid attention to.

Do Drugs Used in the Treatment of Hypertension Cause Kidney and Liver Disorders or Affect Sexual Functions?

Each drug can have its own unique side effects. Ask your doctor about the side effects of the drugs you use, but generally speaking, the benefit from the treatment is much greater than the possible harm of the drug. Therefore, drugs given for the treatment of hypertension should be used regularly.

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