Blood pressure, or blood pressure, is the pressure exerted on the vessel wall by the blood pumped by the heart into the arteries. Under normal conditions, with each beat of our heart beating 60-80 times per minute, blood pressure increases (systolic blood pressure). -high blood pressure), decreases in the period of filling with blood between the two beats of the heart (diastolic blood pressure – low blood pressure).
Changes in body position such as sitting or lying on your back, changes in blood pressure may occur in situations such as exercise and sleep.
Blood pressure When it is called 130/80 mmHg, it is called 130 systolic and 80 diastolic blood pressure.
Normal if blood pressure is in the range of 120–129/80–84
140/90 mmHg or above is considered high (hypertension).
Classification of blood pressure values
High Blood Pressure Increases the Risk of Which Diseases?
Our heart, brain and kidneys can cope with high blood pressure for a long time and do not cause symptoms, so patients may live for years without knowing that they have high blood pressure. However, this does not mean that it does not harm our body. This is why hypertension is also known as the ‘silent killer’.
Because high blood pressure, especially if the person has one or more of the other risk factors (such as obesity, smoking, increase in blood cholesterol, diabetes),
stroke, coronary heart disease leading to heart attack, heart failure and kidney failureIt is a major risk factor that increases the risk directly and several times.
Recommendations for Combating High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a lifelong disease, but it can be kept under control. You can do this by controlling the risk factors that raise blood pressure. For this, you should adopt the following recommendations:
If you are overweight, lose weight. When you lose weight, the load on your heart also decreases, and often your blood pressure drops as well. Avoid alcoholic beverages while dieting, as they have no nutritional value and are high in calories.
Exercise regularly. Lack of physical activity not only makes you fat but also increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Regular exercise is defined as moderate-to-vigorous exercise for 30–60 minutes each day.
Be mindful of the amount of salt you eat. The recommended daily amount of salt to be taken in terms of blood pressure is a maximum of 5-6 grams. Not having salt shakers on the table, adding less tomato paste to the meals and avoiding excessively salty foods are the recommended first steps. If necessary, your doctor may recommend more salt restriction.