Fibromyalgia is a long-term, chronic disease associated with severe pain in the muscles and bones, general fatigue. The diagnosis is quite difficult because it has no symptoms of its own. Symptoms and complaints of patients are often physical complaints that can be confused with other diseases and are therefore often misdiagnosed.
What is the source of fibromyalgia, why does it happen?
Basically, the source of fibromyalgia is still unknown. There are still some explanations put forward along with the theories, but currently only the factors are known in the medical world. It occurs as we age and is also known to be genetic. Its genetic nature suggests that the disease is primarily related to nerves. One theory put forward is that nerves in individuals overreact to pain stimuli, so that misinterpreted pain signals can cause abnormal pain. If this disease is due to an excessive or incorrect reaction of the nerves, it may be due to a chemical imbalance.
Known factors include:
Trauma: People who have experienced physical or emotional trauma can develop Fibromyalgia. The condition has been associated with post-traumatic stress disorder.
Stress:Hormonal disorders that occur as a result of stress can trigger the formation of fibromyalgia.
Past diseases and infection:Doctors think that the effects of the diseases that the body overcomes can cause fibromyalgia.
Genetic:The genetic nature of fibromyalgia is associated with the possibility that the disease may have arisen due to a genetic mutation.
Risk factors are also effective in the emergence of the disease. It is not enough for a disease to be found only in genetics or triggered.
These risk factors can be listed as gender, family history of disease and previous specific diseases. It has been determined that fibromyalgia is more common in women than men, but the reason for this is unknown. Since the disease is also genetically related, you may not get sick when there is a heavy stress in your life, although it is not in your genetics, but someone else with this disease in their genetics can get sick even under a mild stress.
What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia and how is it diagnosed?
Pain at certain designated pain points for at least 3 months is considered a symptom of fibromyalgia by doctors. At the same time, besides pain, fibromyalgia patients may also have complaints such as fatigue, sleep problems, headache, depression, anxiety, and concentration disorder.
These pain points are prescribed by doctors.
-Back of head
-Described as shoulders, but doctors no longer consider these points sufficient to diagnose them.
Instead, if you have ongoing pain at the same points for 3 months and these pains cannot be explained by another disease, the disease is diagnosed as fibromyalgia. There is no test to identify the disease, instead you can have blood or other laboratory tests to check your risk for other diseases.