What is family therapy?

Family therapy is a psychological method applied to the family to solve their mental problems. your family
Some ailments that seem to affect only one individual have their roots, often in the family.
It is based on or reinforced by unconscious conflicts. Family therapist, it’s secret
It helps to uncover and resolve conflicts. Also, family members
supports them in being open to and respecting each other.
What is family therapy?
Family therapy has its roots in studies conducted in the United States in the 1950s.
Social Workers, at that time, most of the problems of patients within the concept of family.
realized that they should be evaluated and taken into account. Because a person’s health and mental
First of all, his family and then his social environment have a great influence on his development. This
As a result, some specialists invite the family to counseling sessions and they are also encouraged to seek psychotherapy.
began to be included in their processes.
Systemic therapy, which is an independent psychotherapy method, has been developed from family therapy practices. Family
Because of the close relationship between therapy and systemic therapy methods, family
therapists also receive training in systemic therapy. But family therapy, any therapy
does not depend on the shape. Cognitive behavioral therapists, behavioral therapists,
logotherapists, existentialist and dynamically oriented (psychoanalytic psychotherapy) therapists as well as family therapy
they offer services.
The therapist includes everyone involved in the patient’s recovery in family therapy. In a narrow sense,
The focus is not just on the family. In family therapy, the term family, such as Patchwork-Family, can be used in different ways.
expanded to include groups formed by methods.
When should family therapy be done?
Family therapy is often used when a person’s problems are directly related to their family.
Particularly in children and adolescents, it is important to involve the family in therapy.
The influence of the family on the development of children is very important. In children and adolescence
Mental disorders seen in young people can be caused by impaired family order and systems.
For example, the vast majority of teenagers with eating disorders have
Eating problems, overemphasis on body forms or high performance in fathers
There may be display obsessions.
But the goal of therapy is not to try to show that the family is really responsible for the problems.
On the contrary, the main purpose here is to detect negative interactions and search for their solutions.
Family therapy is also helpful when changes in the family’s current pattern are causing problems. Family
therapist to the family in the event of a divorce or when a new spouse joins the family after separation.
helps and supports. Similarly, the death of one of the family members also affects the family balances.
can break it.
What is done in family therapy?
The family therapist deals with the situation and feelings of each member of the family. It doesn’t take sides. This situation,
means that the therapist tries to empathize with each member of the family, without favoring one person.
is coming. In this way, the therapist is able to assess each member of the family’s own perspective and needs.
allows it to reflect itself.
The progression process in family therapy may vary in line with different therapy approaches.
Despite the different ways of progressing, there are certain commonalities in the process.
Before each psychotherapy session, there must be a trusting relationship between the therapist and family members.
and communication must be established. One of the important issues in family therapy is communication between people.
is to provide. In this context, since the requests and needs are not fully and clearly stated,
Often there are problems of misunderstanding and misunderstanding. The aim of therapy is
changing the type of communication and thus improving relations within the family.

Family therapy applied with the method of Behavioral Therapy (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)
The main focus of family therapy using the behavioral therapy method is the mental health of a member of the family.
problems are alleviated and improved. Unlike individual therapy, family therapy
included in the process.
The therapist first tells other members of the family that the family member with the ailment has mental health problems.
describes the disorder. In this way, the family’s inappropriate communication patterns or behavior styles
have knowledge of how it affects or strengthens the person’s discomfort.
is provided. Together, the available sources and solutions to the problem are explored. In this context, the therapist
as well as skills and methods for good communication, overcoming stress and problem solving.
He also teaches family members.
Psychoanalytic Family Therapy
In psychoanalytically oriented family therapy, the relationships between family members are at the forefront. Therapist,
In order to understand the dynamics within the family, the accusation that has already been spoken or not yet spoken
and investigates and examines allegations of impeachment.
Current current problems in relationships, according to Freud, have been experienced between parent and child in the past.
associated with the problems. The effects of these childhood conflicts are still ongoing.
can. The therapist tries to identify and resolve these conflicts with the family.
Systemic Family Therapy
Systemic family therapists view an individual’s problems as symptoms of a diseased system. Family
How its members perceive and evaluate the situation and other people is an important factor in this context.
plays a role. The therapist encourages the family to question their own observations and other perspectives.
encourages adoption. With the help of new perspectives, the family can solve problems they cannot solve.
they can solve it together.
What are the risks of Family Therapy?
No specific risks associated with family therapy have been identified so far. However, all psychotherapy
There is no guarantee that family therapy will succeed.
is not.
It is also possible that some family members do not want to participate in psychotherapy. Acceptance of this decision
needs to be done. Because the family members’ readiness to work on the conflict situation
It is an important prerequisite for therapy. Consistent presence of all family members at each session
not required. Some family members are willing to change, this has a positive effect on the whole family.
can create dynamics.
Changes also bring with them new challenges to overcome.
they can bring. In conflict situations, people find someone responsible for the problems and blame it.
they tend to. A solution that is personalized and does not threaten self-confidence is the most appropriate solution.
Family members learn to take on more responsibility in family therapy. The basic principle here is “A
There are always two sides to a conflict” principle. In line with this principle, it is now a criminal
is not to find out, but to discover what you can change in yourself.
What should be considered in family therapy?
After the family therapy session, give yourself enough time to calmly review the available data.
You must separate. You should also provide this opportunity to other family members. In some cases,
Positive changes due to the therapy applied occur immediately. dynamics within the family.
Because they have been around for years, they will also need time to change. So the whole family
dynamics of family therapy should not be expected to change at once.

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Abdullah OZER
Social Worker, Scientist (Clinical Psychology)
Schools of Psychotherapy that he has been trained in:
 Focusing (DFI)
 Positive Psychotherapy (WAPP)
 Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (CSU)
 Ego State Therapy (EST-DE/ESTI)
 Ericksonian Psychotherapy (MEG-DE)
 Logotherapy and Existential Analysis (VFI-Wien)

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