What is Ericksonian psychotherapy?

What is hypnosis?

Hypnosis is the art of leading someone to an “alternative” reality with the help of the imagination and allowing them to have experiences that will help them overcome existing problems or symptoms. The more intensely this alternative reality is experienced – in a therapeutic trance – the more likely these imagined experiences (imagination) are to be applied in the concrete reality of life.

Various techniques and rituals have been developed over 250 years to enter and facilitate trance. Initiating a hypnotic trance alone is not enough. Constructing an internal “other” reality to change clinically relevant symptoms requires in-depth therapeutic knowledge. Give a simple suggestion, for example, “Do this or don’t!” No matter how deep the trance is, and how often and impressively the suggestions are repeated—often not enough to change symptoms that have existed for decades.

Hypnosis is a natural state and relies on the brain’s ability to control its activity according to the situation, so that certain areas are highly active while other areas are down-regulated in their activity. So hypnosis is a natural state. We activate hypnotic states, especially when faced with high demands. The flow state of an athlete or artist is a hypnotic state, in which everything goes by itself and other disturbing effects are completely blocked. Extraordinary successes are achieved in trance states. We’re talking about active-awake-hypnosis here.

Hypnosis is one of the oldest healing methods in the world. Centuries ago, various diseases were treated with trance, dissociative and meditative methods, whether it was temple sleep in the Asclepius temples of ancient Greece or shamanism among indigenous peoples.

Almost every culture has developed its own techniques and methods, but they all have the same goal: trance and healing with it.

These processes have been further developed, refined and improved over the centuries, and the birth of the latest modern hypnotherapy was with Milton H. Erickson. After a long phase in which hypnosis was “forgotten”, it has been experiencing a renaissance since the 1980s and is a scientifically recognized and increasingly practiced therapy – especially in America, but also in Europe. It is currently most strongly represented as a psychotherapeutic tool. But it should not be forgotten that the “root” also lies in the field of medicine. And you don’t need to go far back in history to find that hypnosis is an everyday “medical tool.” Chief Helim Dr. For example, Bonne wrote in 1919: “Unfortunately, the most important means of getting rid of narcotics are little used by doctors: hypnosis and suggestion therapy. […] In the case of incurable, for example, inoperable carcinomas, sarcomas or the like, and also in neuralgia Suggestion therapy works wonders, with or without hypnotic sleep, and saves on heart-damaging narcotics and antiseptics, especially for heart patients.” With the development of highly effective, easily controllable and safe gas and injection anesthetics, as well as highly potent drugs for pain control and control, hypnosis has been increasingly pushed out of hospitals and also from the consciousness of doctors. Medical hypnosis can certainly be used most effectively today in the field of anesthesia, intensive care, emergency medicine, internal medicine, small and medium-sized invasive interventions, and pain medicine.

The use of hypnosis and trance as a healing method is almost as old as humanity itself. Starting with the famous “scene on the shaft” from the Lascaux cave, it lasts all the way up to the method used today, namely Milton Erickson, with Father Gassner’s exorcism and Franz Anton Mesmer’s magnetism.

A new era for hypnosis: Milton H. Erickson

“My voice accompanies you everywhere. It becomes the voice of your parents, teachers, playmates, the voice of the wind and the rain.”

-Milton H. Erickson

When we talk about hypnosis today, whether in the psychotherapeutic or medical field, its name is everywhere. Milton Erickson usually

He is known as the “father of modern hypnosis” and has brought serious innovations and changes in the use of hypnosis.

Before we begin with a description of Erickson’s life, it should be noted that there are many myths surrounding his life, as he was so adept at dealing with stories and used them excessively in his therapeutic work.

Milton Hayland Erickson was born on December 5, 1901 in Aurum, Nevada. The Ericksons were a large family, and Milton was the second of nine children. His father, Albert Erickson, worked at the local silver mine until he decided to buy a farm in 1906, after which the Ericksons moved to Lowell, Wisconsin. Milton spent his entire childhood there, and most of his therapy stories are from this period. For a long time, Erickson was thought to be “laid behind” because he had to contend with serious handicaps. He suffered from Amusia, meaning he was unable to recognize or later reproduce tone or rhythm sequences despite his intact sense organs. He was also color blind. The only color he could see was dark purple. This caused her to like to dress in this color, to decorate almost all of her house with purple, and to always like to receive gifts in this color. But his worst limitation at the time was his dyslexia, which earned him the nickname “Dictionary” because when he searched for a word in the dictionary, he always had to start with an A and then work his way up to that word. Shortly after graduating from Wishfield High in 1919, she suffered the next blow of fate. He contracted poliomyelitis, fell into a coma, and for a short time Milton seemed unable to recover from the disease. However, he woke up again three days later but was completely paralyzed. Erickson has repeatedly stressed that her illness greatly contributed to her learning many of the key elements she would later use as a therapist. Some of Erickson’s stories that can be considered documented belong to this period. One of the most formative ones should be briefly described here: before Erickson’s parents left to work in the fields, they made a habit of hanging out with Milton, talking to him and rocking him in his rocking chair during the daytime. As he swayed, he could also see out of his window as his perspective changed. One day it came to pass that Erickson’s parents did not come to see Erickson before they left the house. But because he was enjoying this time so much and really wanted to look out the window, he started dreaming intensely like swinging every day. After a while he noticed that the rocking chair was starting to move. Here he clearly realized the ideomotor principle, and after that he began to reactivate his paralyzed muscles with intense imagination. So he stared at his hand for days and imagined what it would feel like to hold a pitchfork – until his arm ideomotorly performed the movement. Erickson liked to use another story from this period in his therapy sessions: Sitting paralyzed in his rocking chair, one of his younger sisters was learning to walk. Since she could only move her eyes at the time, she followed her sister as she tried to take the first steps. Armed with an extraordinary power of observation, she analyzed every little thing it takes to make the right moves to keep yourself afloat. He used this experience time and time again in his therapies and in teaching his stories.

Thanks to this almost unimaginable mental training, he was able to walk on crutches again after almost a year, after which only a slight limp remained. He began his studies in psychology and medicine at the University of Wisconsin in 1921, graduating with a master’s degree in psychology and a doctorate in medicine in 1928. During his studies, he first encountered hypnosis when he saw psychiatrist Clarke L. Hull perform a hypnosis demonstration in front of students. He began to study the subject, attended a seminar with Hull’un, and had hypnotized more than a hundred people he knew by the time he graduated.

From 1928 Erickson worked as a psychiatrist in various clinics, holding the chair of psychiatry at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, in the medical school from 1942 to 1948. In 1949, for health reasons, he moved to Phoenix, Arizona, where he lived until his death, and now ran private practice, where he held his almost legendary teaching seminars to the end. His home in Phoenix was also mostly adorned with purple furniture and accessories. But above all, Erickson’s office, which he also used for his therapies and seminars, was littered with the sometimes strange objects he had always known to use for therapeutic purposes. Erickson was also a founding member and president of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis and co-founder and editor of the American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis.

Famous among hypnotherapists today, Squaw Peak (also known as Piestewa Peak) is located in Phoenix. Erickson used this mountain, which is part of the Phoenix Mountains Preserve, to test the motivation of his patients. When a patient calls Erickson to make an appointment, the first thing he does is send them to Squaw Peak. Since this mountain is only 795 meters high and takes less than 90 minutes to climb as an untrained person, Erickson would see it as achievable for any patient. In addition to this “duty”, he also started therapy using the “seeding” method he developed. He would start to use small patient-specific phrases that overlapped with the patient’s situation and problem, which at first glance seemed completely irrelevant, but which could certainly produce solutions (for the unconscious process) when they were looked at more carefully. Erickson was doing this to get a “sprouted seed” to work on in the first session with the patient. Erickson was doing this to get a “sprouted seed” to work on in the first session with the patient. Climbing Squaw Peak not only tested motivation, it also served as unconscious seeding. Once a patient had mastered climbing, they could come to Erickson for therapy. Erickson’s therapy sessions were not strictly limited to 45-50 minutes as is customary today, but could also last several hours. Erickson’s prices also varied according to the patient’s financial possibilities.

In the first session, the patient was required to complete a multi-page questionnaire developed by Erickson himself, designed in such a way that Erickson had every conceivable information he needed about each patient at a given time. If you take a closer look at this fact, it becomes clear how Erickson was sometimes able to develop ingenious therapy concepts because he knew almost everything about the person in question. Erickson didn’t call it “Rapport” as it is called today, he talked about “establishing a Yes-Set”. The term “Rapport” was added later by John Grinder.

So what is Classical Hypnosis?

Classical Hypnosis What most people understand by hypnosis is classical hypnosis, or directive hypnosis. Here, the Hypnosis Specialist gives direct suggestions to the client (hypnotized). In the long run, this type of hypnosis only works for 20% of people. So that’s not very promising. Apart from classical hypnosis, there is modern hypnosis, or non-directive hypnosis, theorized by the American Psychiatrist Milton Erickson. The modern hypnosis method of hypnosis, which works more indirectly (non-directly), that is, by exploring the inner processing system of the other, and thus can bring about much deeper and lasting changes, is used as a psychotherapy method in Germany and other western countries. Classical directive hypnosis, which was practiced until about 25 years ago, works with standard hypnotic procedures. Every client is put into a trance in the same way. In the classical method of hypnosis, certain suggestions are worked in (for example, “You will never smoke again”). Other suggestions are worked with direct suggestions such as (“You are completely relaxed”) or (“Relax!”, “You are relieved!”). In classical hypnosis, hypnotizability is assumed to be an invariant personality trait that can be measured by standardized suggestibility tests. The advantage of traditional, classical hypnosis is that it is relatively easy to learn and requires little individual preparation; The disadvantage is that it can only produce lasting effects in a relatively small percentage of clients. This is classical hypnosis practiced in Turkey and taught in many institutions. Erickson’s hypnotherapy (Modern Hypnosis, Modern Hypnotherapy) The techniques of the American hypnotherapist Milton Erickson have been known in Europe since the 1970s. Erickson so deftly put his clients into trance that even qualified observers (hypnotists) could barely at first understand how Erickson initiated and used the trance. Erikson worked on deliberate confusion and hypnotic metaphors and stories, with indirect suggestions tailored to the client’s individual needs. With modern Erickson’s techniques, we can now put almost any client into a trance that can be used for most therapeutic purposes. Various uses of hypnosis A relatively simple application of hypnosis in psychotherapy is to use it as a relaxation technique. For example, a hypnotherapist might immerse the patient in a relaxing beach environment. Hypnotic relaxation can be used, for example, to treat symptoms of stress, cardiovascular diseases, sleep disorders, psychosomatic disorders or for burnout prophylaxis. In hypnotic trauma therapy, the client’s ability to detach from the overwhelming emotions that occupy him can be strengthened and then, if necessary, a gradual dissociative integration of the trauma can be achieved.

Ego State Therapy Institute Turkey

Ego state therapy studies in Turkey are carried out by Abdullah ÖZER, the founder of “John Watkins Ego State Therapy Institute Turkey®”. EGO-STATE-THERAPIE DEUTSCHLAND (EST-DE) “Germany Ego State Therapy” training program is implemented in Ego State Therapy training. John Watkins Ego State Therapy Institute Turkey®(REGISTER NO 2021 067362 TURKISH PATENT AND TRADEMARK INSTITUTION) was established in Izmir in 2021. Abdullah ÖZER received his Ego State Therapy training in Germany and is an Ego State Therapist accredited by the Ego State Therapy Association of Germany. Abdullah ÖZER is also an internationally approved Ego State Therapist accredited by Ego State Therapy International (ESTI). Abdullah ÖZER is the first and only accredited Ego State Therapist representing Turkey both in Germany and in the international arena. He gives Ego State Therapy trainings as a trainer at the Ego State Therapy Institute, of which he is the Founding President.

Unauthorized use, copying and use of published articles without reference is a crime according to Law No. 5846 on Intellectual and Artistic Works. Published articles, articles, news are allowed to be published provided that the content is not changed by showing the source.

Abdullah OZER

Social Worker, Scientist (Clinical Psychology)

Schools of Psychotherapy that he has been trained in:

  • Focusing (DFI)
  • Positive Psychotherapy (WAPP)
  • Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (CSU)
  • Ego State Therapy (EST-DE/ESTI)
  • Ericksonian Psychotherapy (MEG-DE)
  • Logotherapy and Existential Analysis (VFI-Wien)

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