According to EMDR, the fact that the majority of psychological and/or psychosomatic disorders are related to unprocessed memories has gradually expanded the clinical application area, and it has been seen that many problems can be treated efficiently and quickly.
• Panic Disorder
• Anxiety Disorders
• Complicated Grief
• Disturbing Memories
• Pain Disorders
• Eating disorders
• Performance Anxiety
• Stress Control
• Sexual and/or Physical Harassment
• Body Perception Disorders
• Sexual Dysfunctions
• Conduct Disorders and Self-Confidence Problems
• Migraine and Phantom Pain
• Complex Trauma
EMDR stands for Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, a psychotherapy approach.
How Was EMDR Developed?
The development of EMDR was initiated in 1987 by Dr. It started when Francine Shapiro coincidentally discovered that eye movements can reduce the severity of disturbing thoughts. Dr. Shapiro scientifically examined this effect on trauma survivors and published his study showing the success achieved in treatment.
Since then, EMDR has evolved with contributions from therapists and researchers from around the world. Today, EMDR is a holistic therapy method that includes elements from many different therapy schools and has standardized protocols specific to different diagnosed conditions.
How Does EMDR Work?
According to the Adaptive Information Processing Model, which forms the basis of the EMDR theory, the brain processes and makes functional the information that reaches it through each new experience with a physiologically based system. Information such as emotion, thought, sensation, image, sound, smell are processed and integrated by connecting to related memory networks. Thus, learning about that experience takes place. The information we acquire is stored to guide our responses appropriately in the future.
When this system works normally, it is considered an adaptive, adaptive mechanism as it supports mental health and human development through learning.
This system seems to be disrupted when traumatic or very disturbing events occur. New information is not processed and integrated into the existing memory network. In order to make sense of the experience, it is not possible to connect functional information in memory networks and to draw sane conclusions. As a result, learning does not occur. Emotions, thoughts, images, sounds, body sensations are stored as they are experienced. Therefore, if some situations experienced today trigger these isolated memories, the person will be affected as if reliving some or all of that memory.
EMDR is a physiologically based therapy that enables the processing of such isolated memories. It allows the brain to perform the operation that it could not do in time. It is possible to establish a relationship between the locked memory and other memory networks and to store the information in an adaptive way by providing learning. The client is no longer disturbed and can view the memory from a new and healthy perspective.
How Long Does EMDR Take?
It is included in the ‘short-term therapies’ group in the EMDR therapy literature. How long EMDR treatment will last depends on the type of problem, the client’s current living conditions, the number and impact of previous traumas. Each person’s processing of information in a unique way in line with their own values and experiences also affects the duration.