What is Digital Smile Design?

Digital smile design is the transfer of the current situation to the digital environment and the design of it digitally by taking photos of the patient and scanning the teeth in the mouth with a camera.

In English, digital smile design is called DSD (Digital Smile Design). When the patient comes to his first appointment, his photos are taken, the measurement is taken with the help of a camera in the mouth, and then this information is transferred to the computer and tooth shapes are determined according to the face and lip shape.

2) What can I do to prevent periodontal diseases (gum diseases)?

Periodontal (gum) inflammation is not inevitable. In addition to regular examinations and maintenance treatments, the development of gingivitis and periodontitis can be prevented by adopting oral care habits.

The essential elements of good oral care are:

  • Brushing the chewing surfaces and edges of the teeth twice a day with a toothbrush and toothpaste.

  • Cleaning the spaces between the teeth once a day using dental floss or an interdental brush, depending on the size of the spaces.

  • Rinsing the mouth for 30 seconds after brushing with a daily mouthwash.

Dental floss should be used in areas where the teeth are close together, with narrow or no gaps. Interdental brushes are suitable for larger spaces. Care should be taken to thoroughly clean around crooked teeth or around fillings, crowns, and bridges, as plaque builds up easily in these areas and can be difficult to access.

Antibacterial mouthwashes are a supplement to brushing as they prevent the growth of bacteria in the mouth and alleviate inflammatory changes. It should be used after brushing teeth.

If plaque deposits remain as a result of inadequate cleaning technique, they will mineralize and turn into hard calculus that cannot be cleaned with a toothbrush. Your dentist or periodontologist (gum diseases and surgery specialist) will detect these tartars during your regular examination and remove them during a professional cleaning. After the tartar is removed, the teeth are polished with special brushes and pastes to create a smooth surface that is less likely to accumulate plaque.


3) How is periodontitis (gum diseases) treated?

With careful evaluation and treatment by a specialist physician, it is usually possible to completely stop the progression of periodontitis. The key to success is to eliminate the bacterial plaque that triggers the disease process and to establish excellent oral hygiene practices.

  • Oral hygiene education and advice

The aim of the oral hygiene phase of treatment is to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth and thereby reduce the level of inflammation. Your periodontologist will first explain the causes of your gingivitis and how to keep your teeth and gums clean. He will give you individual recommendations on how to use the various cleaning agents most effectively; For example, the most appropriate brushing technique is the correct use of floss and/or the interdental brush.

  • Professional teeth cleaning

All soft (plaque) and hard deposits (calculus) are removed from the teeth and polished. Depending on the improvement in plaque control and gingival health, further instructions and scaling may be done at the next appointment.

  • antibiotic therapy

In some cases, antibiotics are prescribed to control active or persistent gingivitis that does not respond to oral hygiene measures.

  • reevaluation

After a few weeks, your doctor will make a comprehensive assessment of your inner gums to check the progress of your treatment. If periodontal pockets are still present, other treatment options may be recommended, including advanced surgical therapies.

  • Corrective (surgical) treatment

Sometimes a surgical procedure is performed to clean the gingival pockets and calculus deposits. These areas are inaccessible to brushes and dental floss, and inflammation persists in these areas as long as bacteria are allowed to grow. Under local anesthesia, the inflamed areas of the gingiva are removed and the root surfaces are cleaned under direct vision to ensure that all bacteria are removed. In some cases it is possible to simultaneously treat bone loss using specific regenerative treatments. As a result of the procedure, the gums are stitched back into place around the teeth.

  • Aftercare-supportive periodontal treatment

The long-term success of periodontal treatment depends on the efforts of the practice team, both in terms of oral hygiene and your regular care and ongoing evaluation. After the first phase of treatment is complete, your physician will be able to identify new or recurring sites of inflammation and will need to review them at regular intervals. The frequency of follow-up appointments will depend on the severity of your disease and your individual risk of developing disease. Generally, follow-up periods are performed every three to six months.

Regular follow-up appointments are very important to ensure that the disease process does not recur, causing further destruction of the gums and further deterioration of the bone. If there are signs of ongoing disease, your doctor will apply further treatments. In addition, he will advise on how to further improve your oral care to overcome inflammation.

Successful periodontal treatment requires full cooperation in daily oral care and attendance at regular follow-up appointments.

4) What causes gum recession?

Gingival recession, which is common today, is one of the most common oral diseases. The gingiva is the tissue around the tooth that protects it. It can be caused by one or several factors together. The most common causes are tartar and gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated, gingival recession occurs as a result of spreading to the deep jawbone and melting it, and as a result the gingiva follows the bone and descends. For this reason, calculus cleaning twice a year prevents the progression of gum diseases and helps to protect it.

In addition, dental prostheses or fillings that are out of harmony in the mouth, too hard tooth brushing, crooked and difficult to brush teeth, close cheek and muscle connections in the mouth, clenching, familial predisposition and many similar reasons can cause gingival recession. . Since the causes of gingival recession can be very extensive, you should be examined by a specialist Periodontologist (Gum Diseases and Surgery Specialist).

How is it prevented?

With good oral care and professional scaling twice a year, you can prevent the majority of recessions. Good care includes brushing twice a day, cleaning the interdental spaces with dental floss or interdental brushes, and using a daily mouthwash. In addition, a balanced diet and plenty of water consumption will help you fight against the bacteria that cause gingivitis in your mouth, which will affect your general health and strengthen your immunity.

Symptoms: Sensitivity, odor, bleeding, prolonged appearance of teeth, gaping between teeth


5) What is dental lamina?

Dental laminates (sometimes called leaf porcelain) are layers of ‘leaf’-thin, custom-made tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your smile. These layers are attached to the front surface of the teeth, changing the color, shape, size or length of the teeth.

Dental laminates can be made of porcelain or resin composite materials. Porcelain laminates resist stains better than resin veneers and better mimic the light-reflecting properties of natural teeth. You will need to decide together with your dentist to choose the most suitable material for you.

What kind of problems do dental laminates fix?

  • Discolored teeth – either due to root canal treatment; spots and discolorations from tetracycline or other drugs, excess fluoride, or other causes; or the presence of large fillings that discolor the tooth

  • Worn teeth

  • broken teeth

  • Crowded teeth, irregular or irregularly shaped teeth

  • Teeth with a gap between them (to close the gap between these teeth)

  • To design smiles for patients who are not satisfied with their smile

What are the Stages of Dental Lamina Application?

Dental laminate treatment usually requires at least 3 appointments. – diagnosis and planning at the first appointment, a trial and preparation phase with temporary teeth at the second appointment, and finally the bonding appointment. Depending on the need, one tooth or several teeth can undergo the following process at the same time:


* Diagnosis and treatment planning. This first step includes your active participation. Tell your dentist about the result you are trying to achieve. During this appointment, your dentist will examine your teeth to make sure the veneers are right for you and discuss what the procedure will involve and some of its limitations. He or she may also take X-rays and possibly take impressions of your mouth.

* Trial (Mock-up) and Preparation. During the trial phase, your dentist applies a temporary material on your teeth in line with your expectations during the first appointment and examines how your lamina will be the finish in the last session. You can also state your wishes at this stage and you will not encounter any surprises at the end of the treatment.

To prepare the tooth to be laminated, your dentist reshapes the tooth surface, an amount almost equal to the thickness of the veneer that will be added to the tooth surface. Before shaping the enamel, your dentist may administer a local anesthetic to numb the area. Next, your dentist will take an impression of your tooth. This measurement is sent to the dental laboratory. It usually takes 2-3 days for your dentist to get the veneers back from the lab. In this process, temporary laminates are applied on your teeth.

* Paste . Before the laminates are permanently attached to your teeth, your dentist will temporarily place them on your teeth to examine their suitability and color. Then the teeth are cleaned and polished to prepare your tooth, and finally the tooth is roughened for the bonding process. A special adhesive is applied to the laminate and then placed on your tooth. Once properly placed on the tooth, your dentist will apply a special UV light to activate the chemicals in the adhesive. The final step includes removing excess adhesive, assessing the closure of the teeth, and making final adjustments to the lamina if necessary. Your dentist may call you for a control appointment after a few weeks to see the compatibility of the laminae.


6) Dental implants

They can be used to support crowns and bridges that restore a wider gap of missing teeth or even dentures in single tooth missings. Implants are compatible with body tissues and are made of titanium, a metal that can bond to bone during healing.

Who can be implanted?

Dental implants are suitable for almost anyone who has lost one or more teeth and wants to restore their appearance or chewing ability. However, since it is important that the patient’s bone tissue is fully developed, they are not used in young people under the age of 18.

Your mouth must be in a healthy condition without untreated caries or active periodontal (gum) disease. If implants are placed in the presence of active gum disease, it will cause inflammation around the implants, failure and loss of the implant. You should be willing to attend your regular follow-up appointments after treatment is complete. Thus, your implants are evaluated and any complications are prevented at an early stage.

How long will my implant last?

Dental implants have been used successfully for decades and can be used for many years with careful care. To maximize the life of your implants, it is strongly recommended that you avoid smoking. It is also extremely important to attend regular follow-up appointments with your dentist to continue a very comprehensive oral care at home and to have your implant carefully examined your teeth and gums. This ensures that your implant and teeth are professionally cleaned and resolved before they threaten the health of your implants.

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