Depression is one of the most common and most common disorders in society. Sadness is a normal reaction to the negative situations we experience in our daily life. The sadness and sadness that everyone experiences from time to time are different emotions, even if they are similar to depression. Depression is when the feeling of grief is much more intense and long-lasting. In addition, when we are sad, there are only negative emotions, while in depression, there are thoughts such as self-blame and devaluation in addition to the emotion. Depression negatively affects daily life and can lead to impairment of functionality.
Depression symptoms can be listed as follows;
● Decreased interest in activities that the person was interested in before ● Deterioration in interpersonal relationships
● Feeling of hopelessness
● Disruptions in sleep patterns
● Changes in appetite
● Feeling of guilt
● Feeling of worthlessness
● Difficulty focusing
● Physical complaints
● Recurrent thoughts of death, plans
Although it is said that the age of onset of depression is usually in the 20s, depression can be seen at almost any age. Difficulties encountered in the first years of life, negative experiences, real or symbolic losses can be important triggers of depression. The symptoms, which are described as symptoms of depression, appear within days or weeks. Sometimes it can be a sudden onset with severe stressors. Depression is a disorder that can recur once it is out.
When the causes of depression are examined, it is not correct to attribute depression to a single cause. The events and the reactions of the people to the events, the personality structure and the chemicals in the brain that may accompany it are important factors.
In the face of negative situations in the life cycle, some reactions of people can be suppressed, ignored or prevented by those around them. The person may be asked to suppress their feelings by giving the message that they should be strong. Such situations can also pave the way for the formation of depression in the later stages of life.
When the developmental histories of depressive patients are examined, the presence of depressed family members can also be seen in their family members. In such cases, it is observed that the person has to feel strong in order not to be a burden to the depressed family member and that he suppresses his emotions, causing depressive affect for the person in the future. Contrary to this situation, for the child growing up in an overprotective family,
There may be problems in the development of self-confidence. In this case, it may cause the child to have problems in expressing himself in the later years of his life.
In summary; Along with the personality structure, the family environment of the individual in the first years of life, an overprotective or overly critical family structure, real or symbolic losses experienced in the first years of life, traumatic events are important factors that may cause depression in the future.
The Place and Importance of Psychotherapy in Depression
So what is the effect of psychotherapy in depression? In general, the treatment of mental disorders is carried out by recognizing and changing the factors that cause these disorders. In addition, in the treatment of depression, psychotherapy can be carried out together with drug treatment, depending on the need.
This process progresses when the person realizes negative feelings and thoughts and makes changes and innovations on them. In addition, this process proceeds in a healthy way with the cooperation of the therapist and the patient.