What is Depression?

Depression (Major Depressive Disorder); It is a common medical disease that negatively affects our emotions, thoughts and behaviors. Depression leads to a variety of emotional and physical symptoms. During a two-week period, the presence of five of the symptoms accompanying depressed mood and/or loss of interest and a lack of pleasure with a change in the previous level of functioning is required for diagnosis.

What are the Symptoms of Depression

Depressed Mood; Feeling sad, sad, unhappy all the time

Desire for interest in daily activities, loss of pleasure

appetite changes; Overeating or loss of appetite

Insomnia or excessive sleepiness

Fatigue, exhaustion or loss of energy

Feelings of worthlessness or guilt

Inability to think or concentrate on a particular topic, or indecisiveness

Recurring ideas of death or suicide

What Causes Depression?

There is no single cause of depression. Each of the psychological, biological, and social factors can cause depression. It can be seen at any age in society from childhood to old age. It is seen in 8-10% of the society.

What Are the Risk Factors for Depression?

Being a woman, job loss, alcohol or substance use, divorce, loss of a loved one, previous depression, life events, presence of a family history of depression, some medications used, hormonal changes are risk factors for some diseases.

How is Depression Diagnosed?

Depression is a well-defined and classified illness. A good history from the patient is usually sufficient for the diagnosis. When the psychiatrist deems it necessary, he may request psychological tests, blood tests and consultation from other branches for differential diagnosis.

Depression Treatment

First of all, the psychiatrist should inform patients and their families about the symptoms and course of this disorder. Recognizing the clinical features of the disease is extremely important in terms of how to organize a treatment. In the treatment of depression, chemotherapy (drug therapy) and psychotherapy chosen according to the patient are extremely effective. The support of family and relatives and the continuation of the treatment for a sufficient period of time affect the clinical course positively.

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