Babies born with a different hand than normal have a congenital hand problem.
Normally, 4 weeks after the sperm and egg unite and the embryo is formed, the first arm bud becomes visible from the body of the embryo. Over the next four weeks, this bud develops and differentiates to form the shoulder, then the arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand, and fingers, respectively. During this differentiation and development, some congenital hand problems may occur due to known or unknown reasons.
What Kinds of Congenital Hand Problems Are Observed?
Serious major hand anomalies can be seen, as well as simpler, minor anomalies. The anomalies listed below can be seen in outline.
I never develop
Absence of toes
Webbed between toes
Various anomalies such as compression band syndrome
What Kind of Congenital Hand Problem Does My Child Have?
Since there are many congenital hand anomalies, it is important to fully reveal your child’s problem and plan the correct treatment. Your doctor inquires what type of congenital hand anomaly is, the presence of possible genetic problems and the presence of other medical problems, and makes the necessary examinations and consultations.
What are the most common congenital anomalies?
The most common congenital hand anomaly is attached fingers called syndactyly.
Later, extra fingers, called polydactyly, are seen. The extra finger may be on the little finger side or the thumb side. Rarely, extra fingers can be seen in the middle of the hand.
Examples of definitions of the rarer are as follows:
Macrodactyly – Big finger
Simbrachydactyly – Hands with conjoined and little fingers
Radial or ulnar crooked hand
Can Congenital Hand Anomalies Be Treated?
Every newborn with congenital hand anomaly should be evaluated by a hand surgeon and the type of anomaly should be determined.
Treatment is planned according to the type and shape of the congenital hand problem..
Glued fingers open
Excess fingers are removed
Big and crooked fingers are thinned and straightened
If there is no thumb, a new thumb is made
What Should Be the Purpose of the Treatment of Congenital Hand Anomalies?
The shape and functionality of the hand are important for the preservation of basic hand functions. The goal of treatment will be to improve both appearance and function. For these purposes, the details of the surgery, when it will be performed, the possibility of other procedures in the future, pedagogical support and other issues are discussed and planned in detail with the family.