Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a contemporary psychotherapy developed based on scientific findings in psychology and psychopathology (mental disorders) and emerged with the application of scientific principles to the field of psychotherapy. In this direction, the purpose of therapy is to reconstruct the negative and dysfunctional thoughts of the person and to replace them with a realistic and positive way of thinking. . In this way, the person’s feelings and behaviors are differentiated.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of short-term, planned, structured psychotherapy. The validity of this therapy is supported by scientific evidence.
What is done in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
The issues that the person sees as a problem in his life are determined. These problem areas are relationship area, social environment and work life, family problems etc. are considered as. Work begins in line with the problems that the person and the therapist have determined together.
What is the process in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
The most important advantage of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is that it can manifest itself in a very short time. From the first session, the goals of the therapy are determined and after the history of the person is taken, the studies towards the goals begin. The process, which is 6-12 weeks as standard, can take up to 24 weeks in some cases.
After a certain change and improvement is achieved, control meetings are planned at regular intervals.
What does the client do during the therapy process?
In the behavioral part of cognitive behavioral therapy, efforts are made to change the behaviors that disturb the person’s function in his life. The client’s maladaptive behaviors are determined and studies are carried out to change them. During this time, the client is given “homework” to identify the problem. By working on these homework assignments, the maladaptive behaviors of the client are determined. The next goal and process is to work on which positive behaviors will replace these maladaptive behaviors.
What areas are studied with cognitive behavioral therapy?
There are many psychological areas in which cognitive therapy is applied. Some of those;
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Anxiety disorders (anxiety) and panic attacks
Eating disorders, social phobia
Hypochondria (anxiety about having a serious physical illness)
Alcohol, smoking and substance use
Anger and pain control.
As a result of the therapy, it is expected that the person can develop realistic beliefs about himself and completely change the emotions, thoughts, beliefs and behavior patterns that make him/her unhappy.