What is Carbohydrate Addiction?

Alcohol, cigarettes, cocaine etc. like addiction to any substance, carbohydrate

Addiction also presents itself with known symptoms. Carbohydrate

addiction criteria:

 Sweet or starchy snacks at least four times a week, in the afternoon or at night

craving and eating food,

 Dysphoria, which is relieved after eating these foods at least four times a week

carbohydrate craving associated with

(Foods with a carbohydrate/protein ratio greater than 6:1, carbohydrate foods

has been determined. )

Made works

In an experiment on laboratory rats, it contains 25% sugar.

mice accustomed to being fed a diet after sugar was removed from the diet

substance abusers begin to show the symptoms they do

seen. In addition, 94% of rats introduced to water-cocaine and sugar

appeared to prefer sugar.

Another group of experimental animals had unlimited access to sugar and fat.

were found to be obese. Science at the Scripps Research Institute in Florida

men threaten animals that continue the cafeteria diet with electric shocks

It was seen that they continued to eat even when they did.

To investigate the modulation of whole brain activity generated in rats

different fat / carbohydrate content and magnetic resonance imaging performed

behavioral preference tests to investigate food intake with (mrg) measurements

has been made. The brains of rats receiving potato chips and waste food as desired.

The reward system has been associated with modulation of other circuits.

Optimal carbohydrate/fat ratio triggers food intake in fed rats.

seen. isocaloric fat/carb mix, such as potato chips

affected the reward/addiction circuits of the brain in rats, but

This interaction is lower in module areas compared to itself.

found. Factors to trigger food intake beyond satiety, non-

pathways of the homeostatic reward system-2, satiety and

It has been determined that it is associated with the dominant homeostatic energy balance.

Potato chips in brain reward system activity of rats fed on demand.

was found to be a powerful modulator.

Differential activation of brain regions for food intake, satiety, sleep and locomotor

significantly regulates the activity. Behavioral research, potato

energy intake and feeding-related locomotor activity when chips are present

confirms that it is high. Related brain circuit without strong limitation

Afterwards, it was strongly activated, especially with the intake of very palatable food. Generally,

extremely tasty food high in calories and/or fat and/or

It is rich in carbohydrates. Therefore, the toughness is higher than

It has been suggested that calorie intake of food may be a critical factor in obesity.

In recent behavioral studies, the main factor in the flavor of snack foods.

It has been revealed that the factor is fats and carbohydrates. Also, potatoes

The energy content of chips is predominantly (94%) fat and carbohydrates.

determined. Therefore, with the energy content of potato chips, for hedonic hyperphagia

considered to be the driving force.

Bart Hoebel at Princeton University is also like a drug in sugar

found answers. Sugar in experimental animals given high doses of sugar

classic withdrawal, such as anxiety, tremors, and wobbly teeth after cutting

symptoms were observed. In relation to this, with the changes that sugar makes in the brain,

The data that this addiction can be passed on to future generations is increasing.

is getting stronger.

Rockefeller’s Leibowitz reported that when pregnant rats were fed a high-fat diet,

neurologic deficits in the hypothalamus, the part of their brain associated with excessive appetite

proved that the changes are passed on to the offspring. Journal Endocrinology

In 2010, scientists from the Medical University of Pennsylvania,

offspring of rats fed a high snack food throughout pregnancy

found changes in the brain reward mechanism, and it was only fat and refined

Turns out it was for sugar. Considering the cage life of rats

The mechanism of addiction is more difficult in humans. However, some

brain imaging scans of obese people in experiments

brain scans were found to be similar.

Nora Volkow and her team at Brookhaven National Laboratory study 10 obese volunteers.

this study with PET scans embedded in the brain reward mechanism.

He did it in the 2000s. The brains of these obese people are of normal weight.

He looked different than humans. especially in obese people

brain chemicals related to drug addiction and reward center, dopamine

receptors were found. Dopamine receptors on addiction, reward

It is known to be associated with motivation and sense of pleasure. in the brain

Two common channels for dopamine signaling are the D1 and D2 receptors. D1

receptors motivate certain specific behaviors, while D2 receptors

inhibits behavior. If there is a deficiency of D2 receptors

It will not be possible to stop specific behaviors. For example, overeating

as. Since this deficiency of the D2 receptor will feel less pleasure to eat, it will be more difficult.

overeating due to feeling the need to eat large quantities of food

causes behavior.

According to some scientists, drugs are based on the brain connection system.

The first step of addiction may be to overfeed with high-calorie foods.

According to Zigman, “I feel good when I have a milkshake”

neurons that enable drug addicts when they use drugs

It is the same structure as the neurons they feel. In October, the Neuroscience Society

At the meeting, baclofen to try to prevent overeating in animals

(addiction reducer) and naltrexone (blocking opiates) two drug treatments

defined. Binge eating in rats after injection of drugs

It has been observed that there is a decrease in the action of these drugs, and in the double combination of these drugs,

It has been determined that more effective efficiency is obtained from the use of it at the beginning.

The fact that there is so much research on carbohydrate addiction is still in the world.

It doesn’t mean it’s universally accepted. Evolution of the human brain

attraction to fatty and refined sugar foods for survival throughout

There is no dispute about it.

Working directly with a system like in drug addiction

doubts exist. However, in this context, consider food addiction.

What needs to be done in this regard, not to ignore it, is more forward-looking scientific

is to do research.

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