Skin problem that occurs due to excessive pressure, friction, heavy load, wrong shoe selection on thin parts of the skin. callus is called. The epidermis, the upper tissue of the skin, which is exposed to excessive external influence and pressure, creates a protective shield for itself and calluses form on the skin. Since advanced cases of calluses can be painful, it may be necessary to consult a physician for treatment.
Callus formation can be compared to the bark structure of trees. In fact, as the wet region on the tree trunk is exposed to external influence, it develops a protection mechanism and transforms itself into a hard and darker shape. This layer, called the cork layer, is very similar to the calluses on the human body. The skin consists of 2 layers: dermis and epidermis. The dermis is the subcutaneous layer and contains blood vessels, nerve network, hair follicles, and fat stores. The epidermis is the upper skin layer that comes into contact with the outer surface. Pressure, heat and cold, pain receptors are located here and respond to the first influence from the external environment. For this reason, the epidermis layer is exposed to physical factors in the environment and undertakes the task of being durable. When these external factors are excessive, sometimes calluses may develop. In certain parts of the body, the formation of calluses is more and unless these factors are controlled, calluses may develop increasingly. Various treatment procedures are applied by specialist physicians according to the development and degree of the callus.
What is callus?
Callus, It is called the dry, keratinized part that is yellow and darker than the skin tone, produced by the skin to protect the lower skin layer. Keratin is a kind of protein and as the callus progresses, it will cause the living cells in the lower skin to be unable to breathe and die, and after a while, the calluses can cause painful and inflammatory results. It is a common skin problem in society. Calluses, which are a hard tissue, are generally uncomfortable for patients because they are in the most used body parts.
The incidence of calluses increases due to high contact and friction on the heel, joint areas, the 4th finger and little finger of the foot, between the fingers, and in the palm. The rate of callus formation is high, especially on the feet. Calluses can occur on the feet both because it carries the entire weight of the body and because it is closed in the shoes during the day. The factors that cause the formation of calluses can be listed as follows:
- Choosing the wrong or tight shoes
- More than 6 cm heel preference
- Wearing shoes without socks
- Constantly walking barefoot
- some sports activities
- Bony foot structure
- Non-orthopedic shoe choices
- sedentary lifestyle
- Doing the same job over and over again
- Staying in a fixed position due to paralysis
- Trauma to the fingers when playing instruments such as the guitar
- Bone spurs on the hands and feet
- Accessories that are constantly in contact with the same place
Although the reasons for its formation vary according to the lifestyle and the work done, callus formation is seen in cases where there is too much friction and contact. Some cases of calluses may acquire a pointed structure as they have a horn-like protrusion. It can acquire a yellow and hard structure without spreading. Untreated calluses can cause pain and stinging where they are. It shows the problem of stinging without regression of calluses, especially in areas that are constantly closed, such as the feet.
Callus Treatment with Radiofrequency
How Is It Callus?
The hardened skin layer can develop in a way that is painful and uncomfortable, and can also cause a bad appearance. The friction and pressure effect, which is rhythmic in callus formation, may cause an aesthetic defect in the area after a long time. of patients callus treatment This complaint is frequently among the reasons for applying for Because patients whose hands are in the foreground state that calluses cause a bad appearance when working with their hands. For this reason, it is possible to apply a few practical care methods and interventions to the area for calluses that begin to appear gradually before consulting a doctor. First of all, if it is not possible to rest the callus area and not use it for a while, you can do regular care for the callus. There are cures that you can apply in cases of advanced calluses and if the area is not painful or inflamed. You can prepare natural materials at home, apply these cures to the callus area, wait for a while, and then clean the softened dead skin. After these applications, the calloused dead tissue is replaced by live and healthy cells in the lower skin layer. You can notice the change with color change and softening texture.
With the methods you can do at home, you can control calluses before they progress. However, you can also take some precautions so that your skin does not form a protection mechanism before that. For example, the most common mistake that causes the formation of calluses on the feet is the wrong choice of shoes. With the right choice of shoes and regular care for your feet, you can say goodbye to calluses that are unbearable and will never go away. In addition, keeping the hardened skin layer clean will prevent inflammation of the area.
Apart from the easy and practical care methods for calluses that you can apply yourself, treatment and a physician consultation are recommended for progressive callus cases. Because as dead skin accumulates on the upper skin, it can prevent the living cells in the lower skin from breathing and staying healthy. In these areas, which are constantly exposed to trauma and cannot be given a break for rest, the development of calluses may be inevitable. You should not confuse calluses with warts in the areas you care about and keep them dry. Calluses and warts can sometimes be quite similar in nature. It is definitely not recommended to treat callus-like warts incorrectly. Since this difference can be understood by being examined by specialist physicians, it is important to consult in order not to leave more damage in the region.
As the physicians scrape the area in suspected calluses, the keratin layer formed by the dead skin is revealed. No fluid and inflammation flow is encountered until it reaches the healthy skin. However, in the examination of warts, bleeding and inflammation are seen as the area is scraped. In this way, there is a difference in the examination of calluses and warts, and their treatments are also different. In terms of appearance, calluses can also grow 1-2 cm wide, singly or multiple, in a horn-like appearance. When this similarity is not understood by the patients, incorrect intervention may cause more pain and inflammation.
For areas of the body where color change and hardened skin layer are observed, you can first make some applications yourself. If a stratified and very hardened, painful callus formation is seen in the area, it is recommended to consult a physician immediately to avoid increasing inflammation and damage.
You should relax the callused area for a while with the cures applied with suitable materials and tested products for the skin. You can thoroughly clean the softened and peeled callused area with heel stones. Thanks to special creams produced only for calluses, the area is cleaned by peeling. These creams are applied for 7-10 days and the skin is softened. You can also do these applications for soft calluses types that have not yet progressed well, with a good research and consultation. However, different methods are recommended for hard calluses.
How Is Callus Treated?
Calluses are of 3 types according to their location and shape: hard, soft and seed calluses. In the differential diagnosis, these calluses are of different types and their formation sites are the biggest distinguishing points. Hard calluses, which are generally seen on the soles of the feet, are the types that have been in the region for a long time, have deep roots and are painful. It has a wide spread area. Soft calluses appear reddened between the fingers and in areas exposed to prolonged trauma, with less or no pain. They are not deep rooted because they are smaller in size than hard calluses and show new formations. With the right care and application, it can be brought under control before it progresses and turns into hard calluses. On the other hand, the seed callus type is most observed on the sides and back of the heel. Pain is not felt unless you apply a hard pressure here.
Although soft calluses have not yet gained a hard and rooted structure, since they are dead skin, cures can be applied with acidic natural products such as lemon and white vinegar. However, since acidic products may damage the living skin layer, you should carefully apply these natural cures only to the calloused area. For hard and rooted calluses, you can use callus tape under the consultation of specialist physicians. Callus bands should be used with the advice of a physician. Because the salicylic acid in its content has the ability to dissolve the dead layer, take the inflammation and scrape the callus. It is left in the area for 3-4 days and the dead layer is scraped and removed. It is important to use these products, which have an intense formula, carefully and according to the instructions. When removing, it must be removed with the dead callus layer. The callused dead skin is separated from the body by sticking to the band. It does not cause pain and pain, but if a pain occurs shortly after sticking the tape, you can remove the tape by holding the edges in a shorter time. If the callus layer is not completely cleaned, since the dead layer will remain in place, antiseptics can be used against the possibility of causing inflammation. Again, to use such additional drugs, you should definitely consult a specialist doctor.
Callus Treatment Methods
How is the Callus on the Foot Passed?
Calluses on the feet are very common cases due to their depth and the frequency of complaints of the patients. In cryotherapy treatment, calluses are frozen by cooling nitrogen gas to very low temperatures. The area, which is frozen to a temperature of -190 degrees, is scraped by the physician and the area is cleared of calluses.
The cautery burning process is similar to the freezing process. The dead layer burned under the control of the physician may give a slight burning sensation during the application. The burned dead epidermis layer is scraped and it is recommended not to apply pressure to the area for 1-2 hours after the procedure. After a short time, a cleaned skin is gained and the intervention is completed.
In radiofrequency treatment, renewed skin tissue is seen in a short time with the help of heat and electrical energy.
The surgical method is the appropriate method for advanced calluses. Surgical intervention can be performed in cases where the dead skin has become too deep, the color change has become visible, and the dead skin has become multi-layered. After the operation, which is completed in a few minutes by numbing the area with local anesthesia, the patient can be discharged under the supervision of a physician after resting the operation area for 1-2 hours. Following the doctor’s recommendations after the procedure shortens the healing process and prevents inflammation of the area.
How To Get A Callus On The Toe?
The biggest reason for the formation of calluses on the toes is the bony foot structure and the selection of shoes that are not suitable for it. It is the choice of shoes suitable for the foot structure, which is recommended to be done before the formation of calluses. Heels higher than 6 cm are not recommended by physicians as they will not be suitable for foot anatomy. If you often wear high heels, you can rest your feet 1-2 days a week with sports shoes or orthopedic choices. Walking for a long time with bare feet is also not recommended for foot health. Between the toes are very easy areas for callus formation with excessive friction and pressure. As high-heeled shoes will put pressure on the front of the foot, calluses may form on the toes and between them. For this reason, you should always keep your feet clean and care for your fingers with moisturizing creams and cures. You should rest your feet on certain days of the week. Instead of intervening in advanced callus cases yourself, you can definitely consult a specialist and get counseling and treatment for this skin problem.