Osteoporosis, also known as osteoporosis among the people, is one of the problems frequently encountered in women in advanced ages and especially in the postmenopausal period. Dear patients, in this article, what is osteoporosis?, how is osteoporosis diagnosed? Who gets osteoporosis? I will give answers to frequently asked questions such as: Remember that you can protect yourself from osteoporosis and reduce its effects with the precautions taken at an early age and the exercises to be done in the future.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by osteoporosis, a decrease in bone density. Osteoporosis actually means porous bone. In other words, it is possible to define osteoporosis as the wearing and melting of bones over time. This disease can progress without showing symptoms for many years. It may not be noticed until the first fracture of the bones occurs. Therefore, early diagnosis of osteoporosis is very important.
Pay Attention: Dear patients, if you are in the risk group of osteoporosis, you should definitely have bone measurement and ensure that early measures are taken for problems that may occur in the long term.
Osteoporosis can cause serious problems in advanced cases. It is expected that 1 out of every 2 women and 1 out of every 4 men over the age of 50 will experience bone fractures in later ages. Fractures due to osteoporosis are usually seen in the hip, wrist, arm and leg bones. However, in the case of progressive osteoporosis, bone fractures can occur even while doing a fairly simple housework.
What Causes Osteoporosis? Who is at Risk?
Although osteoporosis is a disease predominantly seen in women, its incidence in men cannot be ignored. Therefore, everyone should be careful about osteoporosis. Bone formation in the human body continues until the age of 30. However, after the age of 30, bone destruction prevents production and bone resorption begins.
It should not be forgotten that there are many different factors that can cause osteoporosis, as well as the period when bone destruction accelerates.
Smoking and alcohol use
Inadequate and irregular nutrition
not doing sports,
Depending on factors such as removal of the ovaries before menopause, osteoporosis may occur and the risk may increase.
Can Osteoporosis Be Prevented?
Dear patients, osteoporosis can be prevented or the progression of the disease can be slowed down before many problems occur that will reduce the quality of life. One of the most misunderstood about osteoporosis is that no matter what is done after the age of 30, osteoporosis cannot be prevented. However, with a proper nutrition plan, healthy habits and regular exercise, osteoporosis can be prevented and its progression slowed.
In order to prevent osteoporosis, prevent its progression and protect the bone structure, changes should be made in the nutrition program first. Calcium is always very important for the formation of good bone mass. However, it should not be forgotten that not only children but also every individual needs calcium. Even though it is a little less when compared to the growing age, daily calcium consumption is important for every individual, and it is almost the same for everyone, regardless of the age of 50, men or women. Dear patients, if your diet does not contain enough calcium, please pay more attention to what you eat. If you consume enough milk and dairy products, you can easily meet your daily calcium needs. If you do not prefer to consume milk and dairy products, you can get calcium from green leafy vegetables and additional foods.
Vitamin D is very important for calcium absorption, therefore, adequate amounts of vitamin D should be taken in osteoporosis measures. It should be checked whether vitamin D, which should be taken daily, is included in the nutrition program. If there are deficiencies, it may be necessary to use supplements. However, since excess vitamin D can have a toxic effect on the human body, it must be taken under the control of a specialist. In addition, it should not be forgotten that sunlight is needed for the synthesis of vitamin D taken into the body.
Exercising is important for strong bones. However, exercise planning should be done very carefully for people at risk or diagnosed with osteoporosis. In this process, it is important to prepare an exercise program, provided that it is not too intense and heavy. In addition, exercises for maintaining balance can be given weight. Because when the intensity of fractures due to falling in people with osteoporosis is taken into consideration, we can see the effect of balance sports.
Beware: Regular diet and exercise, as well as limited alcohol consumption and smoking cessation, can slow the progression of osteoporosis and delay its occurrence. Dear patients, the use of high levels of caffeine, protein, salt and sugar should be stopped and healthy eating recommendations and habits should be reconsidered.
Diagnosis of Bone Resorption (Osteoporosis)
In the diagnosis of osteoporosis, first of all, the patient’s medical history is listened to and it is checked whether he carries the risks I mentioned above. At the end of this process, a physical examination is performed and some laboratory tests, especially the bone density test, are skewed. If a diagnosis of low bone mass is also made, conditions that may cause it may need to be addressed and additional testing may be done for additional differential diagnosis.
Bone Densitometry (Bone Density Test): This test is a reliable application that compares the current bone density of the patient with the highest bone density that an individual of the same gender, ethnicity and 25 years of age should have as the patient. This test is usually applied to women who have entered the menopause period. With this application, it is possible to diagnose osteoporosis.
In the treatment of osteoporosis, first of all, the level of the condition and the level of impact on the person’s life are examined. Afterwards, planning for treatment is made.
It is very important to raise awareness of the patient in the treatment of osteoporosis. Detailed information should be provided on many issues such as exercise and lifestyle changes.
If pain due to osteoporosis occurs, the quality of life of the person can be increased with painkillers.
Depending on the condition of bone destruction, drugs that will reduce destruction and support bone formation can be used. As I mentioned above, vitamin D and calcium supplements are very often preferred.
Physical therapy can be preferred both in terms of education and pain control.
If there is a risk of humpback due to osteoporosis, the use of corsets may be recommended.
Beware: When osteoporosis is under control, it may not have a negative impact on your quality of life. It is very important for people with this diagnosis to avoid falling, to stay away from habits that will reduce their quality of life, and to take the necessary precautions in their daily lives.