What is aphtha and how is it treated?

What kind of treatment can be applied for aphthae that is small but gives a large amount of pain? When should you consult a doctor? If you have recurring canker sores, be sure to read this article.

Mouth sore: Aphthous

Aphthae, known as intraoral wounds, although physically small, make themselves felt with great pain and suffering. Oral aphthae are painful and recurrent intraoral mucosal damage, the cause of which is unknown, mostly harmless, but significantly affecting the daily life of individuals. Curious about afts…

Types of aphthae in the mouth

Oral aphthae are of 3 types.

  • Minor aphthae: They are millimeter in size (<1 cm) and heal spontaneously within 7-10 days without leaving any traces.

  • Major aphthae: They are larger (1-3 cm) than minor aphthae and may leave scars after weeks-months of healing.

  • Herpetiform aphthae: Although it has a herpes-like appearance, it is not contagious. It is very rare, usually seen in women and is severely painful.

Why do aphthae occur?

Although the exact cause of mouth sores is not known, the causes can be listed as follows:

  • Genetic predisposition

  • Inflammatory diseases such as Behçet’s disease, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, SLE

  • Acidic, spicy, spicy, hard and crusty foods

  • Foods such as walnuts and eggplant

  • Dental interventions, braces, dental prostheses

  • Cheek and tongue biting habit

  • stress and fatigue

  • Decreased body resistance

  • Iron, folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiency

Are canker sores contagious?

Mouth sores are not contagious. Having aphthae in a family member increases the likelihood of it being seen in other family members due to genetic transmission. So when should you consult a doctor for mouth sores?

  • No improvement for more than two weeks

  • being painless,

  • Growing wound,

  • More than 3 repetitions per year,

  • Behçet’s disease etc. in the family of the complainant. In case of inflammatory disease, a doctor should be consulted.

When any wound is detected in the mouth, a dermatologist should be consulted first and the diagnosis should be confirmed. If the aphthae are in the pharynx, tonsil and uvula parts and the person is accompanied by problems with swallowing, they can also be referred to an ENT physician.

How does aphtha go?

The main demand in the treatment; to control pain, accelerate healing and prevent recurrences. First of all, anesthetic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory topical treatments are recommended. If there is no adequate response with topical treatments or in persistent major ulcers, systemic treatments in tablet or injection form can be added. After starting the treatment for aphthae, a decrease in pain and a gradual reduction in the size of the wound are observed within a few days.

Once the aft comes out…

Since conditions such as stress, decrease in body resistance, vitamin deficiencies or nutritional disorders can cause aphtha formation, aphthae may recur in the presence of any of these. Again, in inflammatory systemic diseases such as Behçet’s, recurrent aphthae are important in diagnosing the disease.

What’s good for afta?

Gargling canker sores with salt or carbonated water can help reduce pain.

To avoid aphthae…

  • Do not consume acidic, spicy, very hot foods.

  • If you are prone to afflictions, stay away from hard-shelled or trigger and irritating foods such as walnuts and eggplant.

  • Get away from stress.

  • Keep your immunity strong.

  • Eat healthy.

  • If you have dentures, braces, dental problems that can cause chronic trauma in the mouth, remove them.

  • Say goodbye to cigarettes.

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