Anxiety is a situation that we can experience in our daily life, family problems, interpersonal communication, at work, at school. When we feel anxiety, our body gives natural reactions such as tension, trembling, palpitations. Anxiety disorder is a state of anxiety about a real or fictional situation that causes deterioration in the daily life, functionality and bilateral relations of the person. It is a disorder that affects our lives, in which the feeling of anxiety we feel is felt at extreme levels and constantly. People with anxiety disorders feel afraid and panic when they see these situations as worse than they are in situations that make them feel anxious. They feel as if something very bad will happen to them and they will not pass. People with anxiety disorders avoid situations and events that make them feel this way. In order to avoid these situations, they even risk limiting their own lives.
Types of Anxiety Disorders;
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Phobias (Social, specific phobias)
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
It can be listed as Substance Use-Related Anxiety Disorder.
What are the Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders?
Behaviors that indicate that a person has an anxiety disorder can be listed as follows;
Tension and restlessness
Don’t be in a constant state of panic
acceleration of heartbeat
Inability to focus on anything other than the situation or event that caused us to feel anxious
The desire to escape from the situation or event that causes anxiety
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
Although the causes of anxiety disorders are not fully known, we can say that traumatic events and genetic factors are among the most common causes of anxiety disorders.
Some situations that cause anxiety disorders can be listed as negative events experienced as a child, having a relative diagnosed with anxiety disorder (genetic factors), divorce, economic problems, a stressful work / home life, encountering an event or situation that causes us to experience great fear.
What are the Treatment Methods for Anxiety Disorders?
Anxiety disorders are psychological disorders that can be reduced by treatment and can be reduced as a result of long treatment processes. Medication and psychotherapy can be used in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Especially psychotherapy practices show very positive effects on anxiety disorders. Many studies show that psychotherapy is a more effective and long-term recovery method than drug treatment in anxiety disorders. Especially speech therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy can be given as examples of widely used and functional psychotherapy applications. Play therapy is one of the methods used in anxiety disorders observed in childhood.