1-WHAT IS ANEMIA?
It occurs as a result of the decrease in the number of red blood cells (red blood cells) carrying oxygen in the blood and hemoglobin below the age-appropriate normal values.
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common cause of anemia in children. It can be seen in children of any age from infancy.
It develops due to insufficient breast milk intake, nutrition with iron-deficient foods, food-milk allergy and frequent infections.
2- CAUSES OF ANEMIA:
The most important reason is not being fed with breast milk. Since the iron in breast milk can be absorbed very easily, iron deficiency anemia is not seen much in the first 6 months in breastfed babies. Not getting enough iron due to faulty or malnutrition when switching to solid food after six months. Cow’s milk protein allergy and food allergy, Drinking too much (more than 500 ml per day) cow’s milk, Diseases that impair absorption such as celiac, Intense nosebleeds, Intestinal polyps and parasites, Blood loss in stool and urine, Cracks in the rectum, Menstruation in adolescence Irregular and excessive bleeding.
3- WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ANEMIA?
Paleness of the skin and mucous membranes, loss of appetite, weakness, inattention and difficulty in concentration, pica (eating ice, soil or paper), restlessness, crying (in the form of breathlessness), palpitations
4- DIAGNOSIS OF ANEMIA:
After detailed history questioning and examination, various tests and analyzes are helpful. Whole blood and peripheral smear, iron level and iron binding capacity, ferritin, urinalysis and occult blood in stool
5-TREATMENT OF ANEMIA:
It affects both physical and mental development of children. For this reason, iron deficiency is a condition that should be taken seriously in children, followed up on symptoms, diagnosed in a timely manner and treated in a timely manner.
-Preventive (prophylactic) treatment: giving it to infants from 4 months to 1 year old prevents the development of anemia.
– Breastfeeding for the first six months and continuing until the age of 2
Introducing additional iron-rich foods (mostly found in red meat, egg yolk, green vegetables and cereals) should be started on time and appropriately.
-Iron medication: It is given for 3 months with follow-up and controls in those with anemia.