Impacted teeth are the most common cases in oral surgery. In the mouth, lower and upper wisdom teeth, maxillary canines and rarely lower-upper jaw premolars may be impacted. Impacted teeth sometimes show no symptoms and do not cause any complaints. Sometimes, they can cause huge complaints. After its presence is determined, impacted teeth must be extracted, whether they cause a complaint or not.
Complaints that may occur due to impacted teeth are as follows:
* Depending on the region they are in, they sometimes cause headache, ear, eye pain.
* There will be an area that cannot be cleaned well, especially between the half-impacted teeth and the gingiva, and between the impacted tooth and the adjacent tooth in front of it. Microorganisms formed as a result of food residues accumulating here cause recurring infections and caries in the adjacent teeth.
* Impacted wisdom teeth apply pressure to the front teeth while trying to erupt (exit) due to lack of space. As a result of this pressure, shifts and displacements occur especially in the single-rooted anterior teeth. For this reason, the eruption positions of the wisdom teeth should be followed very strictly, especially in children and young people undergoing Orthodontic Treatment.
* Teeth embedded in the bone are located in a sac. Over time, this vesicle may change and cause a cyst to form. The resulting cysts reach very large sizes over time, weakening the jawbone and may even cause jaw fractures.
In which cases is it beneficial to extract impacted wisdom teeth? Embedded 20 dental surgery extraction?
1- Caries: Since wisdom teeth are far behind in position and generally cannot move in the right direction, they are more difficult to clean and maintain, and therefore they are easier to decay. After these teeth decay, their treatment is also difficult because they are far behind. Also, root canal treatment cannot be applied in most cases due to the root canal structures, which are much different from other teeth. For these reasons, extractions are preferred in order to prevent conditions such as pain, abscess and bad breath that may occur as a result of caries.
2- Effects on the second molar: Since wisdom teeth generally cannot grow in a proper position, they can cause material loss and caries in the adjacent tooth with the accumulation of food residues around them or the pressure they apply to the adjacent molar tooth. In this way, wisdom teeth that have the potential to harm should also be extracted.
3- Pericoronitis: (peripheral gingival inflammation) In cases where wisdom teeth remain partially impacted, an infection may develop due to bacteria accumulating between the gingiva and the overlying gingiva. In the meantime, conditions such as swelling of the face, difficulty in opening the mouth, pain, bad breath, swelling in the lymph nodes and fever can be seen.
4- Crowding in the teeth: When wisdom teeth cannot erupt in their normal position, it may cause mobility in other teeth due to the pressure applied to the teeth during eruption, and conditions such as crowding of teeth may be encountered.
5- Pain: When wisdom teeth cannot erupt in their normal positions, they can cause pain with the pressure they apply to the side teeth.
6- Cyst formation: In cases where wisdom teeth are fully impacted or partially impacted, they may cause cyst formation in some patients. This condition can be diagnosed with a panoramic x-ray that your doctor will take during the examination.
7- Cheek biting: Although it is not very common, wisdom teeth can not last in the normal position, and it can cause cheek biting and mucosal injury complaints in patients. In such cases, it is appropriate to remove the wisdom teeth as they do not function normally.