What is Ablation?

Ablation, from its Latin origin, means to destroy, to eliminate. The method we use in heart diseases (cardiology) is usually in the form of catheter ablation. An area of ​​3-5 mm that causes arrhythmia in the heart is destroyed by means of special catheters (ablation catheters), which are in a slightly different form than the electrode catheters we have described here in the EPS section. In this way, for example, a focus that causes palpitation (tachycardia) is eliminated, and the patient gets rid of the palpitation problem. This treatment method is performed either as a continuation of the process called EPS or in the second session. The process takes place just like in EPS. The patient cannot distinguish the difference between the two procedures. In ablation alone, the procedure may take 1-2 hours. The reason for this is that there is a small focus causing tachycardia and it takes longer to be destroyed than EPS. The destruction is done either by heating with radiofrequency current or by freezing with cryothermal energy. The procedure is basically painless. Therefore, it is not performed under general anesthesia. Intravenous sedatives are used more often because of the length of the procedure and the pain in some parts of the heart. After the procedure, the patient can get rid of palpitations completely (without medication). In this respect, this treatment method is one of the rare treatment methods that can provide full cure (full recovery) among many treatment methods in many diseases.

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