What is a test tube baby? Who receives IVF treatment?

In vitro fertilization is the fertilization of eggs collected from the woman outside the body, with sperm taken from her partner in a laboratory environment, and the implantation of the resulting embryos into the woman’s uterus 2 to 5 days later.
A girl named Loise Brown was born in England for the first time in 1978 by in vitro fertilization method. Many advances have been made with new treatment methods developed after the 1990s. Today, thousands of couples have children every year through these methods. In vitro fertilization started to be applied to women who had permanent damage to their tubes as a result of infection or surgical procedure, and after a short time, it was also used in the treatment of other causes of infertility. Today, successful results are obtained with in vitro fertilization methods in endometriosis, unexplained infertility cases and male infertility. Microinjection, which has been applied especially in recent years, is described as a revolution in the treatment of men who have sperm in their testicles, even though the sperm count is very low and even there is no sperm in their semen. IVF treatment is a long and tiring process. IVF treatment consists of 3 stages.

Egg stimulation (controlled ovarian hyperstimulation) Various hormone preparations are used to ensure egg development.

Egg collection.

Fertilization of the egg taken from the woman and the sperm taken from the man to form the embryo and embryo transfer after keeping it in incubators in the laboratory for 3-5 days. A pregnancy test is done 10-12 days after the transfer. In order to prevent neural tube defects that may occur in infants in folic acid deficiency, folic acid preparations are used in the preparation period of the treatment.

WHO IS APPLICABLE TO IVF TREATMENT?

In cases where the couple is not protected and cannot get pregnant for 1-2 years despite the desire for a child.

Those whose tubes are blocked (past ectopic pregnancy, infection, tuberculosis, etc.)

Those who could not get pregnant despite ovulation induction and vaccination 3-6 times,

unexplained infertility

polycystic ovary syndrome

Severe sperm disorder in the male (number, low motility). Conventional IVF or ICSI is performed for those with a sperm count of more than 5 million/mL, and ICSI for those with a sperm count of less than 5 million/mL.

Cases where the woman is over 40 years old and cannot become pregnant.

Endometriosis (advanced stage).

Women with common intra-abdominal adhesions.

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